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Religion, culture and gender : a study of women's search for gender equality in Swaziland

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dc.contributor.advisor Lubbe, Gerrie
dc.contributor.advisor Kanduza, Ackson M. Zigira, Christopher Amherst Byuma 2015-01-23T04:24:32Z 2015-01-23T04:24:32Z 2000-11
dc.identifier.citation Zigira, Christopher Amherst Byuma (2000) Religion, culture and gender : a study of women's search for gender equality in Swaziland, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Although Swazi women's contribution to national development has been phenomenal, they like any other women in patriarchal societies confront an overbearing situation in which they have been regarded and treated as minors, both in the family and most spheres of public life. This has largely been due to the social construction of gender. Traditional gender-based attitudes, deeply ingrained in the people's mind set, not infrequently, have limited women's access to and control of various aspects of public life, and impinge on their rights, most especially the rights to selfdetermination and equal participation in the decision making process. Coupled with religion which influences "the deepest level of what it means to be human" (King, 1994:4) and zealous cultural conservatism, the Swazi women, with a few notable exceptions, experience an asymmetry of power due to the pervasive nature of gender. Nonetheless, the history of Swaziland bears testimony, however muted, to a legacy ofwomen's struggles to overcome gendered conditions imposed upon them either by taking full advantage of their spiritual endowment and charisma to overcome attitudinal barriers or by organising themselves into groups to work for the social transformation of their conditions and status. This study examines the Swazi women's search for gender equality. It discusses the social and cultural context of gender in Swaziland, the various moments in the Swazi women's quest for equality and its manifestations, and the push and pull effect of religion and culture. Particular attention is given to four organisations, namely Lutsango lwakaNgwane (loosely referred to as women's regiments), the Council of Swaziland Churches, the Women's Resource Centre (Umtapo waBomake) and Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA). The study shows that Swazi women have, across a passage of time, adopted different strategies, including ritual, economic empowerment and creation of new knowledge through promotion of gender awareness and social advocacy either in a womanist approach that accepts women's embeddedness in Swazi culture or in the liberal feminist tradition that espouses women's individual rights. However, the study shows that the women's movement has yet to reach the critical mass level so as to influence public policy and come to terms with the deconstruction of the dominant gender ideology. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiii, 249 leaves) en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Religion and gender en
dc.subject Women and religion en
dc.subject Women and ritual en
dc.subject Women's economic empowerment en
dc.subject Women's rights en
dc.subject Social reproduction en
dc.subject Gender equality en
dc.subject Social advocacy en
dc.subject Gender awareness en
dc.subject Swazi women en
dc.subject Culture en
dc.subject Religion en
dc.subject.ddc 305.42096887
dc.subject.lcsh Women's rights -- Swaziland -- Religious aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Women's rights -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Sex discrimination against women -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women in development -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Government policy -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Multiculturalism -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Feminists -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Feminism -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Culture conflict -- Swaziland -- Religious aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Swaziland -- Economic conditions en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Swaziland -- Social conditions en
dc.subject.lcsh Sex discrimination in employment -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Sex role in the work environment -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women and religion -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Spiritual life en
dc.subject.lcsh Feminism -- Swaziland -- Religious aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Religious life -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Social networks -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Political activity -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Gender identity -- Swaziland en
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Swaziland -- Identity en
dc.title Religion, culture and gender : a study of women's search for gender equality in Swaziland en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department Religious Studies and Arabic D. Litt. et Phil. (Religious Studies)

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