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Some stochastic problems in reliability and inventory

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dc.contributor.advisor Yadavalli, S. S. Hargreaves, Carol Anne 2009-08-25T10:45:53Z 2009-08-25T10:45:53Z 2009-08-25T10:45:53Z 2002-04
dc.identifier.citation Hargreaves, Carol Anne (2009) Some stochastic problems in reliability and inventory, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract An attempt is made in this thesis to study some stochastic models of both reliability and inventory systems with reference to the following aspects: (i) the confidence limits with the introduction of common-cause failures. (ii) the Erlangian repair time distributions. (iii) the product interactions and demand interactions. (iv) the products are perishable. This thesis contains six chapters. Chaper 1 is introductory in nature and gives a review of the literature and the techniques used in the analysis of reliability systems. Chapter 2 is a study of component common-cause failure systems. Such failures may greatly reduce the reliability indices. Two models of such systems (series and parallel) have been studied in this chapter. The expressions such as, reliability, availability and expected number of repairs have been obtained. The confidence limits for the steady state availability of these two systems have also been obtained. A numerical example illustrates the results. A 100 (1 - a) % confidence limit for the steady state availability of a two unit hot and warm standby system has been studied, when the failure of an online unit is constant and the repair time of a failed unit is Erlangian. The general introduction of various inventory systems and the techniques used in the analysis of such systems have been explained in chapter 4. Chapter 5 provides two models of two component continuous review inventory systems. Here we assume that demand occurs according to a poisson process and that a demand can be satisfied only if both the components are available in inventory. Back-orders are not permitted. The two components are bought from outside suppliers and are replenished according to (s, S) policy. In model 1 we assume that the lead-time of the components follow an exponential distribution. By identifying the inventory level as a Markov process, a system of difference-differential equations at any time and the steady-state for the state of inventory level are obtained. Tn model 2 we assume that the lead-time distribution of one product is arbitrary and the other is exponential. Identifying the underlying process as a semi-regenerative process we find the stationary distribution of the inventory level. For both these models, we find out the performance measures such as the mean stationary rate of the number of lost demands, the demands satisfied and the reorders made. Numerical examples for the two models are also considered. Chaper 6 is devoted to the study of a two perishable product inventory model in which the products are substitutable. The perishable rates of product 1 and product 2 are two different constants. Demand for product 1 and product 2 follow two independent Poisson processes. For replenishment of product 1 (s, S) ordering policy is followed and the associated lead-time is arbitrary. Replenishment of product 2 is instantaneous. A demand for product 1 which occurs during its stock-out period can be substituted by product 2 with some probability. Expressions are derived for the stationary distribution of the inventor}' level by identifying the underlying stochastic process as a semi-regenerative process. An expression for the expected profit rate is obtained. A numerical illustration is provided and an optimal reordering level maximising the profit rate is also studied. To sum up, this thesis is an effort to improve the state the of art of (i) complex reliability systems and their estimation study (ii) muitiproduct inventory systems. The salient features of the thesis are: (i) Analysis of a two-component reliability system with common-cause failures. (ii) Estimation study of a complex system in which the repair time for both hot standby and warm standby systems are assumed to be Eriangian. (iii) A multi-product continuous review inventory system with product interaction, with a (s, S) policy. (iv) Introduction of the concept of substitutability for products. (v) Derivation of expressions for various statistical measures. (vi) Effective use of the regeneration point technique in deriving various measures for both reliability and inventory systems. (vii) Illustration of the various results by extensive numerical work. (vii) Consideration of relevant optimization problems. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (ix, 137 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject.ddc 519.23
dc.subject.lcsh Stochastic processes
dc.subject.lcsh Reliability (Engineering)
dc.title Some stochastic problems in reliability and inventory en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Mathematical Sciences PhD (Statistics)

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