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The contribution of small-scale timber farming in enhancing sustainable livelihood at Sokhulu

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dc.contributor.advisor Mearns, M. A.
dc.contributor.author Jele, Zanele
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-05T08:56:13Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-05T08:56:13Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/6546
dc.description.abstract Small-scale timber farming provides alternative income for growers selling to forestry, procurement companies and timber suppliers or agents. The research used focus groups and structured questionnaires in the Sokhulu area to determine the contribution of small-scale timber farming to enhance sustainable livelihood. The Sustainable Livelihood Framework measured livelihood levels of different grower types in terms of access to natural, human, financial, social and physical assets. Findings show that timber suppliers had a higher asset composition, than growers selling to companies or growers selling to timber suppliers. Households lacking access to forestry resources sold timber to agents and households wanting to avoid harvesting and transport risks sold timber to suppliers. Timber farming contributes income, employment and business opportunities towards alleviating poverty rather than providing a complete solution. Tree harvesting support households during financial hardship and reduce vulnerability through diversified livelihood strategies. Disadvantages include: trees taking time to mature while immediate income is required, trees exposed to natural hazards, cheating by local harvesting and transport contractors and timber plot sales sometimes do not receive the agreed price. Despite disadvantages, timber farming provide economic benefits and further studies are needed to determine income level on mature trees, by-product sales and whether higher prices for more tonnage will sustain households that wait for tree maturity, thereby determining optimal break-even point for rural timber farmers. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiv, 203 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Small-scale timber farming en
dc.subject Sustainable livelihood en
dc.subject Sokhulu en
dc.subject Capital assets en
dc.subject.ddc 338.47674009864
dc.subject.lcsh Lumber trade -- South Africa -- Sokhulu
dc.subject.lcsh Sustainable living -- South Africa -- Sokhulu
dc.title The contribution of small-scale timber farming in enhancing sustainable livelihood at Sokhulu en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Environmental Sciences en
dc.description.degree M.A. (Human Ecolgy)


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