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The characterisation, implementation, monitoring and evolution of the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)

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dc.contributor.advisor Thomashausen, André Shaik-Peremanov, Nareen 2012-05-17T07:41:21Z 2012-05-17T07:41:21Z 2012-05-17
dc.identifier.citation Shaik-Peremanov, Nareen (2012) The characterisation, implementation, monitoring and evolution of the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Diamonds have played a dual role in society since their discovery. On the one hand, they have brought smiles to the faces of many exhibiting love, beauty, wealth and brilliance. On the other hand, they have been at the heart of many conflicts. This juxtaposition has different impacts in usage. For those whom diamonds were a positively and morally accepted benefit, it did not present problems. Where diamonds spurned conflicts, it caused harm to lives and territories. Human rights abuses became the cause of international conflicts. Humanitarian interventions appeared on the United Nations Security Council agenda. The United Nations had to address the human rights abuses and had to confront the escalation of human rights abuses. Human rights abuses reached significant proportions forcing the application of humanitarian intervention mechanisms. Control of the diamond trade industry was fast becoming an item on many international peace keeping agendas. International organisations such as the World Trade Organisation, the International Criminal Court, the African Union, the European Union, the World Diamond Council and the United Nations have all tried to influence the diamond trade and its consequential impact upon human rights. These organisations are regulated by law, making them a preferred mechanism for establishing accountability for human rights abuse, arising from the illegal trade in rough diamonds and the maintenance of peace and security.Pressed by the United Nations and, De Beers; NGOs; the Partnership Africa Canada and Global Witness; the World Diamond Council; and many States initiated a formalised voluntary international certification scheme for the export and import of diamonds. Thisinternational certification scheme for the trade of rough diamonds became known as the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme has been hailed as a milestone in the diamond trade industry. Simultaneously, the Certification Scheme has been criticised for its inefficacy in regulating the legitimate trade of rough diamonds. Whether the Certification Scheme in its present form is suitable to address the crisis in the trade of rough diamonds is central to this study. Thus, the characterisation, monitoring, implementation and evolution of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme will be examined. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xxi, 382 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject International law
dc.subject International human rights law and diamonds
dc.subject Human rights abuses
dc.subject Conflict diamonds
dc.subject Implementation of the KPCS
dc.subject Monitoring of the KPCS
dc.subject Characterisation of the KPCS
dc.subject Soft law
dc.subject International trade
dc.subject Kimberley Process Certification Scheme
dc.subject.ddc 341.48
dc.subject.lcsh Conflict diamonds
dc.subject.lcsh Diamond industry and trade -- Corrupt practices
dc.subject.lcsh Diamond industry and trade -- Law and legislation
dc.subject.lcsh International law and human rights
dc.title The characterisation, implementation, monitoring and evolution of the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Jurisprudence LLD

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