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Assessing and managing the potential for compliance default of applications submitted in terms of South Africa's environmental impact assessment regulations

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dc.contributor.advisor Zietsman, Susanna
dc.contributor.author Youthed, Jennifer Gay
dc.date.accessioned 2009-11-12T08:33:26Z
dc.date.available 2009-11-12T08:33:26Z
dc.date.issued 2009-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/2869
dc.description.abstract In the environmental impact assessment (EIA) field, much attention is paid to the process leading up to the granting of an environmental authorization, but very little is given to what happens after the consent decision is granted. This study aimed to address this lack through the implementation of an EIA follow-up procedure in a region of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Follow-up focused on assessing the amount of non-compliance with EIA consent conditions as well as the overall impact that projects had had on the environment. The results of this follow-up process were then used to develop a risk screening tool that could be used to screen out new EIA applications that were likely to require follow-up to control default or impact. Projects that showed the greatest amount of default were those submitted by local municipal proponents for basic infrastructure type activities such as sewage treatment works and low-income housing developments. Private companies that compete in the open market presented the lowest default risk. Default with consent conditions ranged between 0% and 100% with an average rate of default of 49%. The overall environmental impact for the majority (58%) of projects followed-up on was low (on a 5 point scale of low to high), with only 1% of projects scoring high on impact. The study found a moderate positive correlation between default and impact (rs = 0.48) although a significant percentage (39%) of projects scored high on default but low on impact. Follow-up appears to have had a positive effect on reducing the average amounts of default and to a lesser extent the degree of impact. The risk screening tool developed is promising with statistically significant matches between predicted and actual default and impact scores for three out of the four test samples. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xi, 216, [9] leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Environmental impact assessment, en
dc.subject EIA follow-up en
dc.subject Environmental management en
dc.subject Compliance default en
dc.subject Risk screening en
dc.subject Overall environmental impact en
dc.subject Eastern Cape en
dc.subject South Africa en
dc.subject.ddc 337.714096875
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental impact analysis -- South Africa -- Eastern Cape
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental management -- South Africa -- Eastern Cape
dc.title Assessing and managing the potential for compliance default of applications submitted in terms of South Africa's environmental impact assessment regulations en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Geography
dc.description.degree D. Phil. (Geography)


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