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Impact of curing methods on the strength of copper slag concrete

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dc.contributor.advisor Mulenga, Francois Kyalika, Cynthia Mumeka 2020-10-06T16:36:38Z 2020-10-06T16:36:38Z 2019-10
dc.description.abstract The eco-friendly alternatives use is increasing momentum in a conscious effort towards sustainability. In this regards, the relevance and the economic value of using copper slag as a concrete aggregate are explored in this study in order to contribute towards metallurgical waste recycling. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of the concretes strengthening prepared with copper slag contents and produced under four curing methods: water immersion, water spraying, plastic sheet covering and air-drying. In each curing case excluding for water immersion, was duplicated in indoors (i.e. in the laboratory) and outdoor exposure (so was prone to varying environmental conditions). This was specifically aimed at capturing the effects of tropical weather conditions typical of the Lualaba province in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The control mix was designed to reach 25 MPa of compressive strength. Copper slag was successively incorporated as sand replacement at the following mass fractions: 20 %, 40 % and 60 %. Freshly mixed concrete samples were evaluated for workability. Cube specimens were cast accordingly, cured for 28 days and then tested for density and compressive strength. Results indicated an increase in strength up to 20 % of replacement rate for all the curing methods. Further additions resulted in reduction in the strength, but the rate of reduction depended on curing conditions. The increase in strength was mainly credited to the physical properties of copper slag that could have contributed to the cohesion of the concrete matrix. It has been found that appropriate ways of curing can still achieve greater results than that of the control mix since 80 % of humidity is ensure. The two-way ANOVA test performed on the 28-days compressive strength values confirmed the significant influence of the curing methods, of copper slag content and the interaction between them. It has been found that considerable influence is attributed to copper slag content and that warm environmental conditions further extend the concrete strengthening. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xvi, 131 leaves) : color illustrations. graphs (chiefly color) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Concrete strengthening en
dc.subject Cement hydration en
dc.subject Compressive strength of concrete, en
dc.subject Concrete curing en
dc.subject Curing methods en
dc.subject Conventional aggregate, en
dc.subject Copper slag en
dc.subject Copper slag concrete en
dc.subject Statistical analysis en
dc.subject Two-way ANOVA en
dc.title Impact of curing methods on the strength of copper slag concrete en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department College of Engineering, Science and Technology en M. Tech. (Chemical Engineering) en

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