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Socio-cultural factors and practices that impede upon behavioural change of Zimbabwean women in an era of HIV/AIDS

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dc.contributor.advisor Ferreira, R. (Dr.) en Nyoni, Chamunogwa en 2009-08-25T11:02:32Z 2009-08-25T11:02:32Z 2009-08-25T11:02:32Z 2008-06-30 en
dc.description.abstract Women throughout the world are suffering the brunt of HIV/AIDS. They carry the unenviable tag of being the suffering group who are at risk. Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS is a subject that has not received adequate attention to date. This empirical study examines the socio-cultural factors and practices that impede upon behavioural change of Zimbabwean women in an era of HIV/AIDS. Firstly, a sample of 1002 women respondents is purposefully drawn from the six major Zimbabwean ethnic groups to participate in this research study. A survey questionnaire is administered to respondents in the age group 18 to 59 years to quantify the levels and magnitude of the HIV/AIDS problem among women. Secondly, fifty in-depth interviews with key informants are conducted to assess the nature of the problem confronting and impeding upon women's quest to attain good reproductive health. Thirdly, six focus group discussions for each of the respective six ethnic groups are conducted with forty-eight mature women to understand broadly the concepts of the study. This study employs a combination of mainly qualitative and some quantitative methods of data collection and analysis, which is called triangulation. Underlying the methodology of this study is an overarching functionalist theoretical perspective, also referring to gender development theory which serves as the basis for data analyses. The main findings of this study include the view that power dynamics, gender roles and cultural practices have impacted negatively on women's quest to attain safe sexual behaviour. The problem of HIV/AIDS remains a complicated and awesome one among Zimbabwe's ethnic groups. For Zimbabwean women the HIV/AIDS problem begins with a total lack of control over sexual lives and behaviour of their husbands especially outside marriage. The women have noted that the majority stay faithful to their husbands and partners according to cultural prescriptions and roles, while their husbands do not comply. Women noted that cultural prescriptions in their various ethnic settings condone male infidelity but expect women to stay faithful to their partners. As a result it is found that women sometimes contract HIV/AIDS straight on their matrimonial beds. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (217 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Focus group discussions en
dc.subject Questionnaires en
dc.subject In-depth discussions en
dc.subject Male infidelity en
dc.subject Disempowerment en
dc.subject Inequality en
dc.subject Gender development theory en
dc.subject Functionalism en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject Social-cultural factors en
dc.subject Socio-cultural practices en
dc.subject.ddc 362.19697920096891
dc.subject.lcsh Men -- Sexual behavior -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Safe sex in AIDS prevention -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Women's rights -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Zimbabwe -- Social conditions
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Sexual behavior -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Women -- Health and hygiene -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) in women -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Social aspects -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh HIV (Viruses) -- Social aspects -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Sex customs -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Transmission -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- Transmission -- Zimbabwe
dc.title Socio-cultural factors and practices that impede upon behavioural change of Zimbabwean women in an era of HIV/AIDS en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department SOCIOLOGY en Thesis (D. Phil. (Sociology)) en

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