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Britain and the development of leftist ideology and organisations in West Africa: the Nigerian experience, 1945-1965

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dc.contributor.advisor Falola, Toyin en
dc.contributor.advisor Brits, J.P. en Tijani, Hakeem Ibikunle en 2009-08-25T10:59:08Z 2009-08-25T10:59:08Z 2005-06 2009-08 en
dc.identifier.citation Tijani, Hakeem Ibikunle (2005) Britain and the development of leftist ideology and organisations in West Africa: the Nigerian experience, 1945-1965, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Although organised Marxist organisations did not emerge in Nigeria until the mid-1940s, leftist ideology had been prevalent among nationalist and labour leaders since the late 1920s. Both official documents and oral histories indicate deep-rooted support for leftism in Nigeria and anxiety among British colonial officials that this support threatened the Colonial Office's own timetable for gradual decolonisation. This study analyses the development of leftist ideology and attempts to establish a nationwide leftist organisation in colonial and post-independent Nigeria. The role of the Zikist movement is retold in light of new evidence, while other leftist organisations are salvaged from the footnotes of Nigeria nationalist history. More importantly, the adaptability of Marxist-Leninist ideology to colonial reality by the different leftist groups in Nigeria is emphasized. The reaction of Anglo-American officials in Lagos and the metropolis towards the Communist Party of Great Britain and other leftist organisations' sponsorship of Marxist groups in Nigeria are discussed. Lastly, the continuity between the departing colonial power and the Balewa administration is addressed to juxtapose the linkage between the two governments. The study thus provides a lucid explanation for the failure of leftist ideology and organisations in Nigeria during the twentieth century. In this eight-chapter thesis I consistently argue, based on official documents from England, Nigeria, and the United States, that the role of Marxists and Soviet Cold War interests in colonial territories are relevant to nationalism and decolonisation in Nigeria; that the issue is not to determine or measure whether or not Anglo-American policies are direct response to Soviet interests; that there are political, economic, and diplomatic policies carried out as part of the transfer of power process; and that the success of these is partly a result of collaboration with local subaltern leaders and official resolve to institutionalise imperial preferences before independence on October 1, 1960. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (343 leaves.)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Britain en
dc.subject Nigeria en
dc.subject Decolonisation en
dc.subject Ideology en
dc.subject Leftist en
dc.subject Nationalism en
dc.subject Politics and government en
dc.subject Cold War en
dc.subject Colonialism en
dc.subject Post World War II en
dc.subject Anglo-American relations en
dc.subject Anglo-French relations en
dc.subject Transfer of power en
dc.subject West Africa en
dc.subject 1945-1965 en
dc.subject.ddc 320.53209669
dc.subject.lcsh Right and left (Political science)
dc.subject.lcsh Communism -- Nigeria -- History
dc.subject.lcsh Decolonization -- Nigeria
dc.subject.lcsh Nationalism -- Nigeria
dc.subject.lcsh Nigeria -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain
dc.subject.lcsh Nigeria -- Politics and government -- To 1960
dc.subject.lcsh Nigeria -- Politics and government -- 1960-1975
dc.subject.lcsh Azikiwe, Nnamdi, 1904- Renascent Africa
dc.title Britain and the development of leftist ideology and organisations in West Africa: the Nigerian experience, 1945-1965 en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department History en D.Litt. et Phil. (History) en

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