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Abhishiktananda's non-monistic Advaitic experience

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dc.contributor.advisor Kruger, J.S. en
dc.contributor.advisor Clasquin, M. en Friesen, John Glenn en 2009-08-25T10:54:26Z 2009-08-25T10:54:26Z 2001-11 2002-01-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Friesen, John Glenn (2001) Abhishiktananda's non-monistic Advaitic experience, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The French Benedictine monk Henri Le Saux (Abhishikt.ananda) sought to establish an Indian Christian monasticism, emphasizing Hindu ad1•aitic experience. He understood advaita as both nondual and non-monistic. Using phenomenology and comparative philosophy. this thesis explores his understanding and experience of advaita, comparing it to both traditional Hinduism and neo-Vedanta, as well as to Christianity and Zen Buddhism. Abhishiktananda's description of his experience is examined in relation to perception, thinking, action. ontology and theology. Special attention is given Lo comparing the views of the Hindu sages RamaQa Maharshi and Gnanananda, both of whom influenced Abbishiktananda. Abhishiktananda believed that advaita must be directly experienced; this experience is beyond all words and concepts. He compares Christian apophatic mysticism and Hindu sannyiisa. This thesis examines his distinction between experience and thought in relation to recent philosophical discussions. Abhishiktananda radically reinterprets Christianity. His affirmation of both nonduality and non-monism was influenced by Christian Trinitarianism, interpreted as an emanation of the Many from the One. Jesus' experience of Sonship with the Father is an advaitic experience that is equally available to everyone. Abhishiktananda believes that the early Upanishads report a similar experience. A monistic interpretation of advaita only developed later with the "dialectics" of Shankara's disciples. In non-monistic advaita, the world is not an illusion. Using ideas derived from tantra and Kashmir Saivism, Abhishiktananda interprets mayii as the .fakti or power of Shiva. He compares .fakti to the Holy Spirit. Abhishiktananda distinguishes between a pure consciousness experience (nirvikalpa or kel•ala samudhi) and a return to the world of diversity in sahaja samiidhi. Ramar:ta and Gnanananda make a similar distinction. Sahaja samadhi is the state of the jf11anmukti, the one who is liberated while still in the body; it is an experience that is referred to in tantra and in Kashmir Saivi.\'m . Abhishiktananda never experienced nin•ikalpa samiidhi, but he did experience sahaja sam&lhi. The appendix provides one possible synthesis of Abhishiktananda's understanding of advaita using the ideas of C. G. Jung. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (ix, 562 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Abhishiktananda
dc.subject Le Saux
dc.subject Ramana
dc.subject Non-dualism
dc.subject Non-Monistic
dc.subject Hindu-Christian
dc.subject Jung
dc.subject.ddc 271.1054
dc.subject.lcsh Christianity and other religions --Hinduism
dc.subject.lcsh Hinduism -- Relations -- Christianity
dc.subject.lcsh Monastic and religious life --History of doctrines -- 20th century
dc.subject.lcsh Hindu monastic and religious life
dc.subject.lcsh Mysticism -- Comparative studies
dc.subject.lcsh Advaita
dc.title Abhishiktananda's non-monistic Advaitic experience en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Religious Studies en Thesis (D.Litt. et Phil.)

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