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Radio astronomy techniques : the use of radio instruments from single dish radio telescopes to radio interferometers

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dc.contributor.advisor Booth, R.
dc.contributor.advisor Bietenholz, M.
dc.contributor.advisor Maritz, R. De Witt, Aletha 2012-10-31T09:34:45Z 2012-10-31T09:34:45Z 2012-03
dc.identifier.citation De Witt, Aletha (2012) Radio astronomy techniques : the use of radio instruments from single dish radio telescopes to radio interferometers, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract New radio telescopes under development, will significantly enhance the capabilities of radio astronomy in the Southern Hemisphere. South Africa, in particular, is actively involved in the development of a new array (MeerKAT) as well as in the expansion of existing very long baseline interferometer arrays in the south. Participation in these new developments demands a thorough understanding of radio astronomy techniques, and data analysis, and this thesis focusses on two projects with the aim of gaining such experience. The Southern Hemisphere very long baselines array is not well served with calibrator sources and there are significant gaps in the present calibrator distribution on the sky. An adequately dense, well distributed, set of strong, compact calibrator or reference sources is needed. With this in mind, observations using the Southern Hemisphere long baseline array were conducted to investigate a sample of candidate calibrator sources. The compactness of the sources was investigated and new potential calibrators have been identified. Single antenna radio spectroscopy of OH masers has identified sources of 1720 MHz emission associated with supernova remnants at the shock interface between the expanding supernova remnant and a molecular cloud. Models indicate that these masers are shock excited and can only be produced under tight physical constraints. Out ows from newly-formed stars create nebulous regions known as Herbig-Haro objects when they interact with the surrounding medium, and these regions are potentially similar to those seen in supernova remnants. If conditions behind the shock fronts of Herbig-Haro objects are able to support 1720-MHz OH masers they could be a useful diagnostic tool for star formation. A survey toward Herbig-Haro objects using a single-dish radio telescope did detect 1720-MHz OH lines in emission, but neither their spectral signature nor follow-up observations with the Very Large Array showed evidence of maser emission. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 155 leaves) : illustrations (some color) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject ISM: molecules en
dc.subject Jets and outflows en
dc.subject Herbig-Haro Objects en
dc.subject Supernova remnants en
dc.subject Star formation en
dc.subject Methods & techniques: data analysis en
dc.subject Line profiles en
dc.subject Masers en
dc.subject Interferometric en
dc.subject Surveys en
dc.subject Wavelengths: radio emission lines en
dc.subject Radio continuum en
dc.subject.ddc 522
dc.subject.lcsh Radio astronomy -- technique en
dc.subject.lcsh Masers en
dc.subject.lcsh Radio interferometers en
dc.title Radio astronomy techniques : the use of radio instruments from single dish radio telescopes to radio interferometers en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Mathematical Sciences en Ph.D. (Astronomy)

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