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An evaluation of solid waste management practice at Carnival City, Brakpan

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dc.contributor.advisor Togo, M.
dc.contributor.advisor Semenya, Khomotso Pholose, Annah Motshwane 2019-12-05T10:26:18Z 2019-12-05T10:26:18Z 2019-03
dc.description.abstract Waste management is a global concern and landfill sites are facing a crisis of handling capacity. This is worsened by the fact that many consider landfilling as an environmentally responsible and cost-effective solution to waste disposal. Carnival City generates vast quantities of solid waste on a daily basis and most of it ends at the landfill, which it acknowledges that it’s a wastage of recoverable resources, hence its commitment of “zero-waste-to-landfills by 2022”. This study evaluated solid waste management practices at Carnival City Casino in Brakpan. Informed by an interpretive paradigm, qualitative methods including interviews, observations, photographs and document reviews were used to collect data. Based on abductive reasoning, the waste management hierarchy and the ISO 14001 standard were used as frameworks for recontextualising and presenting the collected data. The waste hierarchy sets out the preferred order of waste management practices, from the most favoured to the least preferred option. The effectiveness of current waste management practices is limited as Carnival City heavily depends on landfilling and implement waste minimisation, reuse, recycling and recovery on a small scale. Absence of a waste separation at source policy limits recycling activities significantly. The researcher noted the presence of some areas of conformity to South African legislation pertaining to waste management, international standards and Carnival City’s standard operating procedures, and some areas of good practice. The study showed that there is room for improving concerning Carnival City’s current waste management practices. It recommends that waste management training and awareness be undertaken on a continuous basis to improve current practices and ensure that more waste is diverted from landfill sites. Investment into waste to energy technologies should be considered to help Carnival City to meet Sun International’s commitment of “zero-waste-to-landfills by 2022”. Recycling must be maximised and its environmental and financial benefits be highlighted. The research recommends developing of a separation at source policy and its enforcement by the Environmental Committee as the absence of the documented procedures results in deviations from environmental objectives. Offenders who do not follow procedures should be duly punished. It also recommends that a disciplinary action and a fine be introduced for kitchens that will deviate from the policy. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiii, 112 leaves) : color illustrations, color maps, color graphs en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Waste management practices en
dc.subject Carnival City en
dc.subject Waste hierarchy en
dc.subject Waste separation at source en
dc.subject Reuse en
dc.subject Recycling en
dc.subject Waste disposal en
dc.subject Zero waste en
dc.subject Landfilling en
dc.subject Effectiveness en
dc.subject.ddc 628.440968225
dc.subject.lcsh Refuse and refuse disposal -- South Africa -- Brakpan en
dc.subject.lcsh Recycling (Waste, etc.) -- South Africa -- Brakpan en
dc.subject.lcsh Salvage (Waste, etc.) -- South Africa -- Brakpan en
dc.title An evaluation of solid waste management practice at Carnival City, Brakpan en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Environmental Sciences en M. Sc. (Environmental Management) en

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