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Communicative language teaching in Ciskeian secondary schools

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Niekerk, L.J.
dc.contributor.advisor Steyn, P.J.N. Weimann, Alan Gilbert. en 2015-01-23T04:24:30Z 2015-01-23T04:24:30Z 1996-12 en
dc.identifier.citation Weimann, Alan Gilbert. (1996) Communicative language teaching in Ciskeian secondary schools, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract English Second Language {ESL) teaching has undergone noticeable changes in recent years. One such change, based upon current second language teaching theory, has been a striving for authenticity and relevance in ESL classrooms. Innovations in ESL resulting from such a striving, have been collectively labelled as Communicative Language Teaching {CLT). A new generation of ESL core syllabuses and course books has arisen, based upon the ideals and terminology of CL T. In spite of official sanction from education departments there was perceived to be an apparent lack of communicative activities in many ESL classrooms. This study considered the extent of this perceived absence of CL T approaches from ESL classrooms in certain Ciskeian secondary schools. Using purposeful sampling a group of Ciskeian ESL teachers was identified for possible classroom observation. The purpose of this qualitative study was to provide a "thick description' of ESL classroom life, with an emphasis on the orientation of the teachers towards CL T. A measure of typicality in the findings derived from such observation would allow for the applicability of such an understanding of classroom life to other schools in the Ciskei region and in the greater Eastern Cape Province. The study addressed the following two issues: * The changes that have occurred in English Language teaching methods with particular reference to CL T and the claim that can be made for CL T to be considered as an educational innovation; * The extent to which CL T was encountered in the Ciskeian ESL classrooms observed and the role that the teachers in these classrooms fulfill as agents of change in the light of the innovative nature of CL T. A literature study was undertaken of the theory and practice of Educational Innovation and CL T. Because of a desire to locate this research in a qualitative paradigm consideration was given to the theoretical underpinnings of Qualitative Research in general, and of Ethnography in particular. Teachers in the study were identified by means of their responses to a questionnaire designed to establish the teacher's perceived inclination to CL T. The subsequent data collection strategy included classroom observation, the use of an observation protocol (the Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching-COLT), audiorecordings of lessons observed and teacher interviews which were recorded and transcribed. Analysis and interpretation of the data led to a series of statements indicating the extent of the CL T orientation of the classrooms observed. Synthesis of these statements revealed that classrooms were organized around teacher-centered, wholeclass, pedagogic activities supporting a 'transmission' mode of teaching. this supported the earlier perception that there was a lack of communicative activities in CL T classrooms. Arising out of these findings were a number of implications for the teachers in the sample, for the college of education which had produced these teachers, and for the Eastern Cape Department of Education. It was suggested that there should be a commitment on the part of the teachers to CLT, a sensitivity on the part of the college to the need for sound theoretical and practical pre-service training for prospective ESL teachers, and the recognition on the part of the Department of a need for a comprehensive programme of CL T in-service training.
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (x, 308 leaves : ill) en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject.ddc 420.71268792 en
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Study and teaching (Secondary) -- South Africa -- Ciskei en
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Study and teaching -- South Africa -- Ciskei -- Foreign speakers en
dc.subject.lcsh Language arts -- South Africa -- Ciskei en
dc.subject.lcsh Communicative competence en
dc.subject.lcsh Ciskei (South Africa) -- Languages -- Study and teaching (Secondary) en
dc.title Communicative language teaching in Ciskeian secondary schools en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department Language Education Arts and Culture D. Ed. (Didacticts) en

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