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Pain : psychological measurement and treatment

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dc.contributor.advisor Plug, Cornelis Mokhuane, Esther Margaret Queenie 2015-01-23T04:23:54Z 2015-01-23T04:23:54Z 1996-11
dc.identifier.citation Mokhuane, Esther Margaret Queenie (1996) Pain : psychological measurement and treatment, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract This research was executed as three separate studies. Study 1 focused on the perception of pain and the semantic aspects of pain. Study 2 focused on the measurement of acute pain and mood states. Study 3 focused on the psychological treatment of cancer pain. In Study 1 a group of 66 Setswana-speaking adults were required to describe what they saw, what happened, and what would be the outcome with respect to three visually presented pain scenes using The Pain Apperception Test (PAT) A qualitative analysis of their responses shows that pain is experienced as an all encompassing experience affecting all aspects of their lives, such as the physical, emotional, social, and economic. This was found to be true, irrespective of gender and age with the exception of economic issues. A qualitative analysis of their responses to the Pain Eliciting Incidents Questionnaire (PEIQ) reveals that the Setswana pain descriptors are classifiable according to the three dimensions of pain namely, the sensory-discriminative, affective-motivational, and cognitive-evaluative. Sludy 2 applied the Profile of Mood States (POMS) preoperatively to a group of 58 female laparotomy (gynaecological) patients. These patients were also tested post-operatively with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire (WBPQ) as pain measures. The pain measures were taken at no medication and at the peak of medication. Factor analysis could not confirm the validity of the six POMS scales. These scales also did not show correlations with post-operative pain. Correlations between the pain measures showed acceptable reliability and validity of the VAS and the WBPQ. In Study 3 three groups of 15 cancer patients each, suffering from chronic pain, were treated over a period of two weeks with either cognitive behavioural therapy plus medication, reassurance therapy plus medication, or medication only. Comparison of before and after treatment pain measures showed that both cognitive behavioural therapy and reassurance therapy had a beneficial effect. Follow-up results three months later showed that the beneficial effect of reassurance therapy did not persist. Patients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy still showed the beneficial effects thereof. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xvi, 461 leaves) en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Pain perception en
dc.subject Pain language en
dc.subject Pain vocabulary en
dc.subject Pain descriptors en
dc.subject Pain measurement en
dc.subject Pain measurement instruments en
dc.subject Mood states accompanying pain en
dc.subject Psychological treatment of pain en
dc.subject Cognitive behavioural therapy for pain in an African en
dc.subject Population of patients suffering from cancer en
dc.subject Cross cultural issues in pain research en
dc.subject Measuring pain in an African population en
dc.subject Culture and pain en
dc.subject South Africa en
dc.subject Batswana en
dc.subject.ddc 152.1824
dc.subject.lcsh Pain -- Psychological aspects en
dc.subject.lcsh Pain -- Treatment en
dc.subject.lcsh Pain -- Etiology en
dc.subject.lcsh Cancer pain -- Treatment en
dc.title Pain : psychological measurement and treatment en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department Psychology D. Litt. et Phil. (Psychology)

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