Institutional Repository

The Pai language of Eastern Mpumalanga and its relationship to Swati

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Finlayson, Rosalie, 1943- Taljaard, Petrus Cornelius en 2015-01-23T04:24:19Z 2015-01-23T04:24:19Z 1997-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Taljaard, Petrus Cornelius (1997) The Pai language of Eastern Mpumalanga and its relationship to Swati, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract This thesis is a comparative study of Pai and Swati. The Pai language is spoken in the easten1 parts of the Mpumalanga Province of the Republic of South Africa. The study concentrates on the correspondences and differences of the speech sounds of these two languages and reference is also made to the morphology. The previous comprehensive work on Pai was by Ziervogel (1956) where he classified the Pai language as one of the three dialects of Eastern Sotho. He also considered the Swati elements present in Pai to be merely borrowings. The present investigation into the history of the Pai people indicates that Pai may have had links with languages other than those belonging to the Sotho group and, from the evidence, an Nguni connection has become a distinct possibility. The speech sounds of Pai are described in detail in chapter two and corresponding speech sounds in Swati are included. The vowels of both languages receive special attention because Pai apparently has a seven-vowel system and Swati a five-vowel system. The corresponding consonants in these two languages soon points towards a relationship that is based on more than just borrowed items. In chapter three the Ur-Bantu sounds of Meinhof and their reflexes in Swati and Pai are described and compared. The wide variety of attestations in Pai and the instability of some phonemes are indicative of a language that has been subjected to many outside influences and that is at the moment in a state of flux. In chapter four some aspects of the morphology are described in order to highlight the peculiar characteristics of Pai as an individual language. The relationship with Swati is again emphasized by the findings in this chapter. A statistical analysis of the speech sounds of Pai and Swati in chapter five indicates that an Nguni core of sounds exists that is shared by both these languages. A re-classification of Pai within the language context of that area may therefore be necessary.
dc.format.extent Comparative -- Sotho-Tswana languages.";"Sotho-Tswana languages -- Grammar en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Comparative linguistics
dc.subject Dialect
dc.subject Historical linguistics
dc.subject Language change
dc.subject Nguni
dc.subject Pai language
dc.subject Proto-langauge
dc.subject Sotho
dc.subject Speech sounds
dc.subject Swati language
dc.subject Vowel system
dc.subject Ur-Bantu
dc.subject.ddc 496.397 en
dc.subject.lcsh Pai dialect en
dc.subject.lcsh Nguni languages -- Grammar en
dc.title The Pai language of Eastern Mpumalanga and its relationship to Swati en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department African Languages D. Litt. et Phil. (African Languages) en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UnisaIR


My Account