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South Africa’s peaceful use of nuclear energy under the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and related treaties

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dc.contributor.advisor Thomashausen, André Qasaymeh, Khaled Ahmed 2014-08-21T12:57:56Z 2014-08-21T12:57:56Z 2014-02
dc.identifier.citation Qasaymeh, Khaled Ahmed (2014) South Africa’s peaceful use of nuclear energy under the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and related treaties, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Energy is the natural power stored in matter which can be potential and kinetic energy. This occurs in nature in various forms such as chemical energy, thermal energy, electromagnetic radiation, gravitational energy, electric energy, elastic energy, nuclear energy, and rest energy. The scientific research relating to nuclear energy has revealed that atoms are the foundation of matter. In 1905 Albert Einstein initiated the quantum revolution utilising the Newtonian mass-energy equivalence concept in order to put his famous equation: E =mc2, where energy is (E). This facilitated the nuclear research which focused on manufacturing the first atomic bomb. In 1945 the USA acquired its first two atomic bombs which were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, killing 200 000 people; mostly civilians. But nuclear energy research has been redirected by scientists in order to industrialise nuclear technology in order to address growing power needs. This encouraged policy makers to consider the risks posed by utilising nuclear energy for civil purposes. The shift towards peaceful nuclear energy applications has been motivated by the many valuable contributions to humankind which nuclear energy offers - for instance in the fields of energy generation, human health, agriculture and industry. The nature of nuclear energy lends itself to becoming an important component of the world energy and global economic system. Nuclear energy is a viable option for many countries including South Africa, because it offers an economic and clean source of electricity; the primary engine for socio-economic development. South Africa operates the only two nuclear power reactors in Africa, (Koeberg 1 and Koeberg 2) generating 1.8 GWe. South Africa’s energy supply infrastructure consists fundamentally of coal-fired power plants which pose serious threats to the environment. Therefore, it is assumed that the planned 9.6 GW of new nuclear capacity by 2030 will meet the requirements of South Africa’s policy regarding the diversification of available energy resources to secure energy supply, support economic growth, and contribute to environmental management. Consequently, the legal system which governs nuclear energy programme is intended to prohibit the proliferation of nuclear weapons, ensure security and maintain the safe operation of nuclear facilities. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xxi, 397 leaves) : illustrations en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Nuclear energy en
dc.subject Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons en
dc.subject Nuclear safety en
dc.subject Nuclear security en
dc.subject Nuclear liability en
dc.subject Sustainable development en
dc.subject Access to electricity en
dc.subject Socio-economic rights en
dc.subject Millennium Developmental Goals en
dc.subject 9.6 GW. en
dc.subject Safeguards en
dc.subject.ddc 343.925068
dc.subject.lcsh Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968 June 12) en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear energy -- Law and legislation -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear energy -- Economic aspects -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear energy -- Government policy -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Electric power production -- Economic aspects -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear nonproliferation -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear nonproliferation -- International cooperation en
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear arms control -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Treaties en
dc.title South Africa’s peaceful use of nuclear energy under the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and related treaties en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Public, Constitutional, and International Law en LL. D.

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