Institutional Repository

The nutritional use of millet grain for food and feed: a review

Show simple item record Hassan, Z. M Sebola, N. A Mabelebele, M. 2021-04-01T05:00:59Z 2021-04-01T05:00:59Z 2021-03-29
dc.identifier.citation Agriculture & Food Security. 2021 Mar 29;10(1):16
dc.description.abstract Abstract Worldwide, millets are regarded as a significant grain, however, they are the least exploited. Millet grain is abundant in nutrients and health-beneficial phenolic compounds, making it suitable as food and feed. The diverse content of nutrients and phenolic compounds present in finger and pearl millet are good indicators that the variety of millet available is important when selecting it for use as food or feed. The phenolic properties found in millets compromise phenolic acids, flavonoids, and tannins, which are beneficial to human health. Moreover, finger millet has an exceptionally unique, more abundant, and diverse phenolic profile compared to pearl millet. Research has shown that millet phenolic properties have high antioxidant activity. The presence of phytochemicals in millet grains has positive effect on human health by lowering the cholesterol and phytates in the body. The frantic demands on maize and its uses in multiple industries have merited the search for alternative grains, to ease the pressure. Substitution of maize with pearl and finger millets in the diets of different animals resulted in positive impact on the performance. Including these grains in the diet may improve health and decrease the risks of diseases. Pearl millet of 50% or more can be used in broiler diets without adversely affecting broiler performance or egg production. Of late, millet grain has been incorporated in other foods and used to make traditional beverages. Thus, the core aim of this review is to provide insight and comprehension about the nutritional and phenolic status of millets and their impact on human and livestock.
dc.title The nutritional use of millet grain for food and feed: a review
dc.type Journal Article 2021-04-01T05:00:59Z
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.rights.holder The Author(s)

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UnisaIR


My Account