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A historical, geographical and archaeological survey of the Jordan Valley in the Late Bronze Age

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dc.contributor.advisor Le Roux, M.
dc.contributor.advisor Scheepers, Coenie
dc.contributor.author Schaaf, James Mark
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-05T06:04:35Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-05T06:04:35Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08
dc.identifier.citation Schaaf, James Mark (2012) A historical, geographical and archaeological survey of the Jordan Valley in the Late Bronze Age, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/8856> en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/8856
dc.description.abstract This thesis is a multi-disciplinary survey of the Central Jordan Valley during the Late Bronze Age (1500-1200 BC) illustrated with an abundant use of maps and tables. The purpose is to determine how the Jordan Valley functioned as an economic unit during the Late Bronze Age. This thesis surveys the geographical, historical and archaeological records related to the Jordan Valley during the Late Bronze Age. A chapter is devoted to each field, geography (physical and human), history (Egyptian and Hebrew Bible) and archaeology. The data from each discipline is used to individually answer two questions: 1) was the Jordan Valley a single geographic/economic unit in the Late Bronze Age? 2) to what extent was the Jordan Valley integrated/interacting with the east-west highlands and the larger region in the Late Bronze Age? The primary objectives are to 1) explore and model a historical geographic hermeneutic for understanding the human experience of the Ancient Near East; and 2) lay a foundation for understanding the role of the Jordan Valley in affecting the Biblical periods of the Israelite monarchy to the Roman period.The answers from each chapter are then synthesized into a single geographic historical archaeological picture of the Central Jordan Valley during the Late Bronze Age. The Central Jordan Valley was divided into two sections: a fertile, populated, well connected north-central section and an isolated, sparsely populated southern section with limited agricultural zones. Trade with and between the eastern and western highlands is well represented by artifactual parallels in and through the Jordan Valley, the north-central section on a regional and international scale and the southern section on a more local scale. The thesis concludes that there are more artifactual points of connection between the Jordan Valley and the eastern highlands than with the western highlands. An ‘early conquest’ model of the Hebrew Bible is plausible within the historical records of the Egyptian 18th and 19th Dynasties and the geographical and archaeological records of the Jordan Valley during the Late Bronze Age. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xviii, 527 p.)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights University of South Africa
dc.subject Amarna Letters en
dc.subject ‘Apiru en
dc.subject Central Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Chocolate-on-White ware en
dc.subject Climate of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Early Conquest Model en
dc.subject Earthquakes in the Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Egypt in the Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Emergence of Israel en
dc.subject Geology of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Hydrology of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Israel in the Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Jordan River en
dc.subject Jordan River Floods en
dc.subject Joshua en
dc.subject Judges en
dc.subject Late Bronze Age en
dc.subject Maps of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Plains of Moab en
dc.subject Rain shadow of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Shasu en
dc.subject Topography of Jordan Valley en
dc.subject Trade in the Late Bronze Age en
dc.subject 18th and 19th Dynasties en
dc.subject.ddc 933
dc.subject.lcsh Bible -- Antiquities
dc.subject.lcsh Tell el-Amarna tablets
dc.subject.lcsh Jordan River Valley -- Antiquities
dc.subject.lcsh Bronze age -- Jordan River Valley
dc.subject.lcsh Hydrology -- Jordan River Valley
dc.subject.lcsh Water-supply -- Jordan River Valley
dc.subject.lcsh Water and civilization
dc.title A historical, geographical and archaeological survey of the Jordan Valley in the Late Bronze Age en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Biblical and Ancient Studies en


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