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The effect of reading strategy instruction on L2 teacher trainees' performance

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dc.contributor.advisor Pretorius, Elizabeth Josephine
dc.contributor.author Oyetunji, Christianah Oluwatoyin
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-13T06:10:53Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-13T06:10:53Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/7760
dc.description.abstract At every educational level reading is a powerful tool for academic success because it provides students with access to information. Comprehension is crucial to reading. Many students at Lobatse College of Education, Botswana, have problems comprehending L2 reading materials and thus struggle academically because English is the medium of instruction. To some extent, methods of teaching L2 reading contribute to students’ reading failure. It is said that how we teach is as important as what we teach. Thus, how L2 reading is taught is important for improving students’ understanding of texts and their L2 academic performance. This study focuses on teaching reading as a process which involves an application of reading strategies in order to facilitate comprehension of texts. The overall aim of the research is concerned with the improvement of methods of teaching L2 reading comprehension in Botswana Colleges of Education. The specific objective was to implement reading strategy instruction programme (RSI) to see what effect it would have on (i) on L2 students’ use of strategies during reading (ii) on L2 students’ reading comprehension, and (iii) on L2 students’ English academic performance. Using a quasi-experimental pre-posttest design, an explicit RSI programme was implemented over six-week period in a Botswana College of Education. Two intact cohorts of second-year teacher trainees were randomly assigned to a control and intervention groups. A reading strategy questionnaire and a reading comprehension test were used to examine the relationship between strategy use and level of comprehension. A discrepancy emerged between the self-reports responses of the participants and their actual performance in reading text. Although they claimed to be strategic readers the results suggested that they were not in fact reading strategically.The Cohen’s d analysis yielded a large effect size. This corroborates the significant differences that emerged between the two cohorts in their posttest comprehension results. The intervention group showed significant gains in strategy use and reading comprehension after the six-week intervention period. This suggests that even a short period of intervention can be beneficial to L2 students. However, these effects did not manifest themselves in the students’ English academic performance. This suggests that students need more exposure and more opportunities to practice applying strategies to texts that they read before the effect spill over into academic performance in general. The findings from this study have important implications for the teaching reading in Botswana in both L1 and L2 context. This research also point to further avenues for reading research in Botswana, and cautions against a reliance on questionnaire data alone in reading research; the triangulation of data is important to gain an accurate and deeper understanding of reading practices and reading performance. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 211 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Reading strategy en
dc.subject Reading strategy intervention en
dc.subject Explicit instruction en
dc.subject L2 reading comprehension and L2 students’ performance en
dc.subject.ddc 428.407106894
dc.subject.lcsh Lobatse College of Education
dc.subject.lcsh Reading -- Comprehension
dc.subject.lcsh Teachers -- Training of -- Botswana
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Study and teaching -- African speakers
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Study and teaching -- Botswana
dc.title The effect of reading strategy instruction on L2 teacher trainees' performance en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Linguistics en
dc.description.degree M.A. (Applied Linguistics)


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