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A hidden cohort: HIV and AIDS amongst the farming community

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dc.contributor.advisor Makhubela-Nkondo, Olga Naome en
dc.contributor.author Netangaheni, Thinavhuyo Robert en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-25T10:46:00Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-25T10:46:00Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08-25T10:46:00Z
dc.date.submitted 2008-10 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/706
dc.description.abstract Purpose This research project was an attempt to determine situational aspects of HIV and AIDS among the designated farming communities in the Vhembe and Mopani districts of Limpopo Province. Questions arising from the pilot project were premised on the capacity of farmers in these areas to adequately address the daunting reality and prevalence of HIV and AIDS in their communities. Research Design and Methodology The research was designed to facilitate the integration of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. A sample of 228 respondents was involved in a triangulated participatory action research method. To the extent that the data collection techniques were triangulated in both nature and focus, HIV/AIDS-related data and information within the designated farming communities was attained with a maximum degree of validity. The data collection techniques used in this regard were: questionnaires, which were distributed to 228 respondents; participant observation; exploratory investigation; unstructured interviews; naturalistic observation; focus group interviews and discussion; and review of documents. The reviewed documents include (primary) sources on HIV/AIDS by the Department of Health and (secondary) sources of literature by various authors presenting a range of perspectives on HIV/AIDS in farming areas. Findings The results of the study revealed the absence of a coordinated policy on HIV/AIDS in particular, and health in general; and a vacuous prevalence of basic HIV/AIDS-related information. For instance, knowledge on condom usage as a prevention strategy was ostensibly scant. Currently, primary healthcare services in the area are not available. The sampled farm workers themselves unanimously corroborated that there was no HIV/AIDS policy on the SAFM farms. Conclusion Based on the main findings established above, it has become indispensable that comprehensive and multidisciplinary HIV/AIDS policy interventions be initiated by all the relevant stakeholders. Local and provincial healthcare authorities need to provide policy guidelines for the development of such policy, taking the particular needs and circumstances of farm workers. The pervasive degree of insufficient HIV/AIDS knowledge among this group necessitates that such a policy should integrate both a labour perspective and healthcare orientation, rather than perpetuating a separation of the two paradigms. This form of integration ensures that the observance of a human rights dimension becomes a sacrosanct component of the prevention of HIV/AIDS among farm workers, as well as their education concerning their healthcare-related rights as farm employees. Furthermore, the prevalence of a national HIV and AIDS policy is mainly aimed at facilitating broad guidelines, not addressing the specific contexts of every public, corporate and rural employment sector (DoH, 2007: 11-12; Muhlemann, et al., 1992: 479). In order that the education, prevention and treatment initiatives in the Vhembe and Mopani farming communities are achieved, the most important parameters of the policy should indicate: ,,X The systematic institutionalisation of local, provincial, and national HIV and AIDS programmes, notwithstanding the provision of healthcare facilities such as clinics; ,,X The promotion of basic healthcare education in general, and HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention among farm workers in particular; ,,X The development of HIV/AIDS work place policy by SAFM as employer; ,,X The systematic involvement and formation of partnerships between policy makers, local and international funders, HIV/AIDS healthcare workers and practitioners, NGOs and SAFM. As a critical factor and unit of analysis in the study, SAFM is expected to fulfil a developmental function among its employees, their families, and the local communities. This function could be enhanced further with the collaboration between SAFM and other farmers in the distribution of basic information regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases at the workplace, as well as extensive healthcare education and training for their farming personnel. Trained personnel, especially managers, are a salient factor in the implementation of organisational health and safety requirements (DoH, 2007: 6, 8; Muhlemann, et al., 1992: 478-479). en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xxv, 240 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject AIDS drugs en
dc.subject Antiretroviral Treatments (ARV's) en
dc.subject Cohort en
dc.subject Confidentiality en
dc.subject Culture en
dc.subject Data en
dc.subject Education and training en
dc.subject Employment Equity Act en
dc.subject Farming community en
dc.subject Farm owners en
dc.subject Farm workers en
dc.subject Health en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject Knowledge en
dc.subject Perception en
dc.subject Policy en
dc.subject Privacy en
dc.subject Religion en
dc.subject Sexually transmitted diseases en
dc.subject South African Farm Management en
dc.subject Stigmatization en
dc.subject Strategic iIntervention en
dc.subject Testing en
dc.subject Tuberculosis en
dc.subject Workplace en
dc.subject.ddc 362.19697920096825
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- South Africa -- Limpopo -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Social aspects -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Communicable diseases -- South Africa -- Limpopo -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Sexually transmitted diseases -- South Africa -- Limpopo -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Rural families -- Health and hygiene -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Rural health services -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Rural health clinics -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Agricultural laborers -- Diseases -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Agricultural laborers -- Health and hygiene -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Health education -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Community health services -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Medical policy -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Labor laws and legislation -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Affirmative action programs -- Law and legislation -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Poor -- Services for -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title A hidden cohort: HIV and AIDS amongst the farming community en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Health Studies en
dc.description.degree D. Litt. et Phil. (Health Studies) en


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