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Factors that may influence South African nurses' decisions to emigrate

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dc.contributor.advisor Ochonogor, Chukunoye Enunuwe Oosthuizen, M. Ehlers, V.J. 2012-10-20T12:54:43Z 2012-10-20T12:54:43Z 2007
dc.identifier.issn 1025 9848 Health SA Gesondheid
dc.description.abstract Although no accurate statistics about the number of South African nurses working in other countries are available, the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development estimated that 35 000 South African nurses were working outside South Africa and/or outside the health care system (Horning, 2005:58). The global shortage of nurses, creating opportunities for South African nurses to work in foreign countries, as well as a variety of factors related to nursing, health care and the general living conditions in South Africa influence nurses’ decisions to emigrate. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the factors that influence nurses’ decisions to emigrate. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory was used as a point of departure to establish what motivates the behaviour of nurses to emigrate from South Africa. A quantitative approach was used. The target population comprised all the nurses (n=3 331) on the registers of the South African Nursing Council (SANC) who completed their basic training during 2002. A random sample of 15% (n=501) of the total population of nurses who completed their basic training during 2002 was selected. Data were collected by structured questionnaires. The analysis of the data indicated that nurses’ inadequate remuneration, poor working conditions, excessive workloads, lack of personal growth and career advancement possibilities and inability to meet their safety and security needs were major factors that influenced nurses’ decisions to emigrate. The recommendations include improved remuneration for nurses, enhanced working conditions with adequate supplies and equipment, reduced workloads by employing more nurses, expanded career prospects and improved safety. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher AOSIS OpenJournals en
dc.subject emigration of South African nurses en
dc.subject Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs en
dc.subject global nursing shortage en
dc.subject remuneration of nurses en
dc.subject working conditions of nurses en
dc.title Factors that may influence South African nurses' decisions to emigrate en
dc.type Article en
dc.description.department Health Studies en

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