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The impact of negative influences facing children with physical disabilities in rural areas

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dc.contributor.advisor Nel, Norma
dc.contributor.author Ben-David, Brenda Margot
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-19T12:06:06Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-19T12:06:06Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/5544
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of negative influences facing children with physical disabilities living in rural areas. Children with physical disabilities living in rural areas of South Africa have to deal with many negative influences in addition to their disability. The main theme is that all children in rural areas face negative influences, but these are far worse for the children with physical disabilities. Societal and educational exclusion and poverty continue to place these children at a disadvantage despite South Africa’s policies that promote inclusion and equality. These rights are central to a meaningful democracy yet; research indicates that children with physical disabilities remain in a hopeless situation in the rural areas. To escape their plight inclusive education is pivotal. It is argued that the government’s capacity to deal with all the negative influences is limited and this therefore necessitates community involvement. Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-ecological approach was used both to investigate the impact of the negative influences facing children with physical disabilities as well as providing a framework that tackles the barriers that prevent this marginalised group of children having an equal opportunity to education. A qualitative and ethnographic study was undertaken to investigate these issues. This entailed the researcher living in four rural areas in KwaZulu-Natal, and collecting data through community participation, observations, questionnaires and interviews as well as photographs and drawings collected from the children. Data was analysed and poverty and exclusion clearly impacted not only on the children with physical disabilities, but their parents/caregivers. It became clear to the researcher that unless this group of children received early intervention to prepare them for education they would not be able to be included in formal education from Grade 1 but would need to begin their schooling in a specialised and exclusive environment. A framework for intervention based on Bronfenbrenner’s model was formulated that involved community involvement on the micro and mesosystemic levels. This framework is unique in that it will provide intensive early intervention for children with physical disabilities with the explicit aim of preparing them for inclusion and at the same time giving their parents/caregivers an opportunity to escape their plight of poverty.Every child in South Africa according to our Constitution and other policies is guaranteed equality. This equality needs to be provided to children with physical disabilities before they attend formal schooling and end up floundering never having had the opportunity to lift themselves out of the cycle of poverty that they face. Contemporary models for understanding these negative impacts and exclusion suggest that an important outcome of rehabilitation services is to optimise children with physical disabilities participation in the home, school and community life. Bronfenbrenner’s Model is based on the premise that disability involves an interaction between features of the child and features of the environment that can be adapted to promote educational inclusion and thus reduce the cycle of poverty. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 357 leaves) :|bill. (chiefly col.)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Children with physical disabilities en
dc.subject Negative influences en
dc.subject Poverty en
dc.subject Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological Model en
dc.subject Inclusion
dc.subject.ddc 371.9109684
dc.subject.lcsh Children with disabilities -- Education -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal
dc.subject.lcsh Inclusive education -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal
dc.subject.lcsh Children with disabilities -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal -- Psychology
dc.subject.lcsh Children with disabilities -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal -- Public opinion
dc.subject.lcsh Children -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal -- Attitudes
dc.subject.lcsh Education, Rural -- South Africa -- KwaZulu-Natal
dc.title The impact of negative influences facing children with physical disabilities in rural areas en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Psychology of Education
dc.description.degree D. Ed. (Inclusive Education)


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