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The Covenant under threat of the Baal fertility cult: a historical-theological study

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dc.contributor.advisor Wessels, Willie, 1953- Mweemba, Gift 2011-10-03T07:53:39Z 2011-10-03T07:53:39Z 2010-12
dc.identifier.citation Mweemba, Gift (2010) The Covenant under threat of the Baal fertility cult: a historical-theological study, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The Old Testament is the story of Yahweh and His Covenant relationship with His people Israel. Many other Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) peoples are mentioned in the context of their relationship to Israel. This Covenant relationship which began with Abraham had a core component, the gift of land (Gen 12:7), the Promised Land. The Covenant was ratified at Mount Sinai where the terms, the Ten Commandments were given to Israel. Core to the terms was the obligation that Israel would serve no other god but Yahweh and without any representative image. Israel must be a monotheistic people. Only then would they retain the Promised Land. The Promised Land was occupied by the Canaanites. The Canaanites though difficult to identify with precision, were a people whose religious cult was the direct opposite of Yahwism. They worshipped Baal the fertility god. The fertility cult was a belief that there is no absolute being but a universal realm with a womb of fertility. This womb is the source of fertility and the gods are the agents. In the land of Canaan, Baal was the agent of fertility. The wealth and fertility of the land, crops, livestock, and humans was attributed to Baal. Baal was worshiped through the fertility cult which had cult personnel like prophets, and temple prostitutes. The fertility cult had festivals in which sympathetic magic was performed to induce the gods into action. This magic involved cultic sex and wine consumption in honor of Baal. The Canaanites were driven out of the land lest they influence Israel to copy their ways. This would violate the Covenant and Israel would be ejected out of the land because the occupation was based on keeping the Covenant. There were no strict conditions of obedience in Baal worship like in the Covenant. Baal offered them release from „Covenant Obedience‟ to indulge in sensuality while enjoying the blessings. In the end, the Baal fertility cult had such a negative impact on the Covenant that Israel was ejected out of the Promised Land and deported into the Babylonian Exile as seen in the book of Jeremiah en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (201 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Yahwism en
dc.subject Covenant obedience en
dc.subject Monotheism en
dc.subject Fertility cult en
dc.subject Canaanite en
dc.subject Syncretism en
dc.subject Return en
dc.subject Babylonian exile en
dc.subject Cultic sex en
dc.subject Baal worship en
dc.subject.ddc 231.76
dc.subject.lcsh Bible -- O.T. -- Theology
dc.subject.lcsh Covenant theology -- Biblical teaching
dc.subject.lcsh Baal (Canaanite deity) -- Cult
dc.subject.lcsh Canaanites -- Religion
dc.subject.lcsh Fertility cults -- Middle East
dc.title The Covenant under threat of the Baal fertility cult: a historical-theological study en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies D. Th. (Old Testament)

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