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Diet diversity coping strategies and food access of unemployed young single mother with food with children under 9 years of age in Botswana

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dc.contributor.advisor Albertse, Alse Tembwe, Gomolemo 2010-09-01T12:20:47Z 2010-09-01T12:20:47Z 2010-07 2010-09
dc.identifier.citation Tembwe, Gomolemo (2010) Diet diversity coping strategies and food access of unemployed young single mother with food with children under 9 years of age in Botswana, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the diet diversity, food access and coping strategies applied by single mothers with young children in the Northern Okavango region of Botswana. A qualitative and quantitative survey was chosen as the research design for this study. The study site was Gumare village in rural Ngamiland and the sample included only single female headed households. The questionnaires used were contextualized to reflect the culture, food patterns and specific foods commonly consumed in Botswana. Three questionnaires were used: 1. A socio- demographic questionnaire to document household size, age, marital status, income and water sources and the indigenous and wild foods that were gathered 2. The international standardized Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) questionnaire to identify the variety of foods from fourteen food groups consumed by households over the previous 24 hours 3. The international standardized Coping Strategies Index (CSI) to determine the coping strategy behaviours of members of the household when faced with food shortages The socio demographic results of the study showed that female headed households had an average 7.4 members. They were seriously affected by poverty, as 58% of the households had registered under the Botswana Social Welfare programme as destitute. Therefore qualifies to be assisted through provision of food baskets and cash vouchers. The overall results obtained from the household dietary diversity questionnaire showed a diet diversity score of 2.0. This is an extremely low diet diversity value, which indicate a high level of vulnerability to food insecurity and inadequate food access. The foods which were mainly consumed by households were from the cereal food group, reflecting the global situation among the poor who rely on starch- based diets. The intake from dairy products (10%), meats (28%) and Vitamin A rich vegetables (16%) was limited. Given the limited food variety resulting in severe restriction to food access, coping strategies to address food shortages were employed. These included; relying on less preferred and less expensive food (100%), gathering wild food, hunting or harvesting immature crops (68%), limiting portion sizes (96%), reducing the number of meals eaten in the day (76%), depending on government food baskets (58%) and reducing overall food intake when the government food basket was not adequate (50%). It can be concluded that, given the restricted food access and a severely limited diversity in consumed food, extended government welfare assistance is crucial. The findings of this study could be used to guide the Botswana government when formulating new approaches and interventions to address food access and ultimately food security in households in this poverty- stricken area. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiv, 90 leaves.)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Diet diversity en
dc.subject Food access en
dc.subject Indegenous food en
dc.subject.ddc 613.2083096883
dc.subject.lcsh Illegitimate children -- Botswana
dc.subject.lcsh Children of unemployed parents -- Botswana
dc.subject.lcsh Nutrition surveys -- Botswana
dc.subject.lcsh Single mothers -- Botswana
dc.title Diet diversity coping strategies and food access of unemployed young single mother with food with children under 9 years of age in Botswana en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Agriculture, Animal Health and Human Ecology M.A. (Human Ecology)

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