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Harm reduction in state prisons

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dc.contributor.advisor Luyt, W.F.M. (Prof.)
dc.contributor.author Moshoeu, Gomolemo Noreen
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-22T13:08:12Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-22T13:08:12Z
dc.date.issued 2010-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/3456
dc.description.abstract Risk taking behaviours such as drug use, sexual activities and tattooing are prevalent in the correctional institutions, including those in South Africa. Such behaviours pose a serious challenge as regards health care of inmates. In particular, these behaviours contribute to the transmission of HIV/AIDS which results in morbidity and mortality. Harm reduction components are employed as effective measure to curb the spread of the pandemic. These components are lauded owing to their considerable impact. They consist of needle exchange programmes, substitution therapy, condom provision and education. Various developing (Morocco, Brazil and Egypt) and developed (Scotland and Canada) countries make use of such components to address risk taking behaviours in correctional institutions. Although condom provision and education have been implemented by the South African Department of Correctional Services in state institutions, there is an urgent need to enhance the efforts. This study investigates the extent of risk taking behaviours amongst inmates at the Leeuwkop Correctional Centre. It also determines the level of knowledge of inmates and staff regarding HIV/AIDS. The researcher employed a qualitative form of methodology, collecting data by means of a structured questionnaire. The data was coded and analysed by means of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The findings reveal that the risk taking behaviours are prevalent at the Leeuwkop Correctional Centre. Furthermore, the analysis of the knowledge items regarding HIV/AIDS indicates that there are certain deficits that require attention. They are also notable differences in the primary sources of HIV information for inmates and staff. It was found that a dire need exists to enhance and expand current harm reduction initiatives in correctional institutions in order to offer health care services that are compliant with international conventions such as the Dublin Declaration on HIV/AIDS as well as the South African Constitution. Reluctance to do so is tantamount to housing inmates in „de facto‟ death chambers. Hence the augmentation of such initiatives is strongly recommended. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Drug usage en
dc.subject Sexual activities en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject State prisons en
dc.subject Harm reduction en
dc.subject.ddc 365.660968221
dc.subject.lcsh Harm reduction
dc.subject.lcsh Harm reduction -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Health and hygiene -- South Africa --Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Medical care -- South Africa --Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Drug use -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Drug use -- South Africa --Johannesburg -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Services for -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Drug abuse -- South Africa -- Johannesburg -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease -- South Africa -- Johannesburg -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh HIV (Viruses) -- South Africa -- Johannesburg -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Health risk assessment -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Prisoners -- Health risk assessment -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Health promotion -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.subject.lcsh Medical policy -- South Africa -- Johannesburg
dc.title Harm reduction in state prisons en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Penology
dc.description.degree D. Litt. et Phil. (Penology)


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