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Investigation of radiative transfer effects in photoionized nebulae

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dc.contributor.advisor Smits, D. P. Prozesky, Andri 2020-07-01T09:48:10Z 2020-07-01T09:48:10Z 2019
dc.description.abstract Detailed knowledge of the hydrogen population structure is necessary for the interpretation of hydrogen recombination line (HRL) observations. Calculations of hydrogen departure coefficients using a capture-collision-cascade type model with the angular momentum quantum levels resolved that includes the effects of external radiation fields are presented. The stimulating processes are important at radio frequencies and can influence level populations. Updated atomic rates and new numerical techniques with a solid mathematical basis have been incorporated into the model to ensure convergence of the solution. My results differ from previous results by up to 20 per cent. The effects on departure coefficients of continuum radiation from dust, the cosmic microwave background, the stellar ionising radiation, and free-free radiation are quantified. Atomic hydrogen masers occur in recombination plasmas in sufficiently dense HII regions. These HRL masers have been observed in a handful of objects to date and the analysis of the atomic physics involved has been rudimentary. A new model of HRL masers is presented which uses an nl-model to describe the atomic populations interacting with free-free radiation from the plasma, and an escape probability framework to deal with radiative transfer effects. The importance of including the collisions between angular momentum quantum states and the free-free emission in models of HRL masers is demonstrated. The model is used to describe the general behaviour of radiative transfer of HRLs and to investigate the conditions under which HRL masers form. The model results show good agreement with observations collected over a broad range of frequencies. Theoretical predictions are made regarding the ratio of recombination lines from the same upper quantum level for these objects. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (v, 98 leaves) : illustrations, color graphs en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject atomic data, atomic processes line en
dc.subject Formation radiative transfer radio lines en
dc.subject ISM masers methods en
dc.subject numerical nebulae ISM en
dc.subject atoms HII regions en
dc.title Investigation of radiative transfer effects in photoionized nebulae en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Physics en Ph. D. (Astronomy) en

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