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A non-destructive technical and stylistic comparative analysis of selected metal artefacts from the Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History

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dc.contributor.advisor Vermaak, Petrus Stefanus,1956 Harcombe, Aletta Maria 2019-11-29T09:27:25Z 2019-11-29T09:27:25Z 2018-11-15
dc.description.abstract The destructive nature of conventional analytical techniques, coupled with the finite nature of ancient/historical artefacts, has long restricted technical examinations of museum collections, mainly due to ethical constraints. However, over the past few decades, the application of Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) techniques has become increasingly popular within the fields of archaeology and cultural heritage diagnostics. The application of such techniques has facilitated the examination of objects that have long remained uninvestigated. However, this positive development also held a slight drawback, in that researchers tend to now focus on technical analyses alone, while excluding more traditional means of analyses, such as comparative stylistic analysis and surface investigation. By employing a combination of stylistic analysis, visual surface investigation (by means of SLR photography and digital microscopy) and nuclear imaging (by means of Microfocus X-Ray Computed Tomography), the thesis sets out to justify the application of mixed methodologies as part of a more holistic integrated authentication approach. Thus stated, the thesis presents a mixed-methodological approach towards the analysis of selected metal objects from the Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History in Pretoria, South Africa. The objects under investigation include a small collection of ancient Egyptian bronze statuettes, a Samurai helmet (kabuto) and mask (menpó), a European gauntlet, and an Arabian dagger (jambiya/khanjar). While all the objects are curated as part of the museum’s archaeology and military history collections, the exact production dates, manufacturing techniques and areas of origin remain a mystery. By using a combination of techniques, the thesis aims to identify diagnostic features that can be used to shed light on their relative age, culturo-chronological framework and, by extension, their authenticity. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Ancient Egyptian bronzes en
dc.subject integrated authentication en
dc.subject Microfocus X-Ray en
dc.subject.ddc 069.968
dc.subject.lcsh Museums -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Museum techniques -- Evaluation
dc.subject.lcsh Artefacts
dc.subject.lcsh Helmets
dc.subject.lcsh Masks (Sculpture)
dc.subject.lcsh Daggers, Prehistoric -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Bronze age -- South Africa
dc.title A non-destructive technical and stylistic comparative analysis of selected metal artefacts from the Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies en

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