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Visionary experiences during Jesus' baptism: a critical analysis of selected scholarly views

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dc.contributor.advisor Craffert, Pieter F. Vaidyan, Thomas Kizhakadethu Lukose 2019-08-13T10:10:01Z 2019-08-13T10:10:01Z 2019-01
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 106-115) en
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study is to critically analyse selected scholarly views on the visionary experiences during Jesus’ baptism. Modern scholars have different opinions about the reports in the New Testament on Jesus’ baptismal visionary phenomena. Some scholars interpreted the events as Jesus’ actual seeing or vision and others accept it as literary creations by the authors, to make sense of the reports on seeing and hearing that are hard to understand. Reports like a Spirit descending in the form of a dove are extraordinary for most people and pose interpretive challenges. The two distinct trends identified in the study of visionary experiences are those who take the text on the visions literally and those who see them as literary creations. There is a new trend in biblical scholarship, which is comparative and invokes insights from cross-cultural research in order to understand the accounts of the visions as altered states of consciousness (ASC). These views are also presented, compared and evaluated selecting three major views from modern New Testament scholars. Among the scholars identified, who take the baptism visions literally, are Dunn, Meier, Marcus, Hurtado, Borg and Webb. The scholars selected, who consider the baptism visions as literary creations, are Sanders, Crossan, Miller and Strijdom. The scholars, who contributed to the new development in interpreting the texts on visionary experiences as ASC, are Pilch, Davies and DeMaris. Pilch uses the theoretical model of ASC and understands it differently from those used by Davies and DeMaris on which they base their interpretations. A scientific explanation of ASC is built from theories about how the brain and culture, together, create certain states of consciousness. All these views are analysed based on the scholarly interpretations from the three definitive trends in the visions research, comparing the caretaker versus critical at a meta-analysis level. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiv, 115 leaves) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Jesus’ baptism en
dc.subject Historical Jesus research en
dc.subject Visionary experiences en
dc.subject Critical analysis en
dc.subject Literal approach en
dc.subject Literary creations view en
dc.subject Altered states of consciousness en
dc.subject Neurological perspective en
dc.subject Spirit possession en
dc.subject Psychological transformation en
dc.subject Cross cultural anthropology en
dc.subject Naturalistic and humanistic explanations en
dc.subject.ddc 232.95
dc.subject.lcsh Jesus Christ -- Baptism en
dc.subject.lcsh Jesus Christ -- Person and offices en
dc.subject.lcsh Baptism -- Biblical teaching en
dc.subject.lcsh Visions in the Bible en
dc.subject.lcsh Trance -- Religious aspects -- Christianity en
dc.subject.lcsh Spirit possession -- Religious aspects -- Christianity en
dc.title Visionary experiences during Jesus' baptism: a critical analysis of selected scholarly views en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Biblical and Ancient Studies en M.A. (Biblical archaeology) en

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