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Uitwerking van oorbevolking binne Suid-Afrikaanse gevangenisse op die rehabilitasie van oortreders

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dc.contributor.advisor Cilliers, C. H. en Van der Westhuizen, Barend Marthinus en 2009-08-25T11:04:15Z 2009-08-25T11:04:15Z 2005-06 2005-06-30 en
dc.identifier.citation Van der Westhuizen, Barend Marthinus (2005) Uitwerking van oorbevolking binne Suid-Afrikaanse gevangenisse op die rehabilitasie van oortreders, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract In this research project the overcrowding problem in South African prisons will be analysed as well as the influence it had on the rehabilitation of offenders. The problem of overcrowding in South Africa's prisons is very clear when the approved accommodation of a prison is compared with the actual number of prisoners incarcerated. Prison sentences are a favoured form of punishment throughout the world. More and more people seek alternatives to incarceration in order to reduce prison overcrowding. The time to finalize criminal cases, releases on bail, the abolishment of minimum sentences and better utilization of community based sentences are some of the issues which can reduce overcrowding. One of the concepts that was implemented to establish rehabilitation within prisons was Unit Management. The number of prisoners incarcerated makes it difficult for Unit Management to be effective. In some cases prisoners are kept under inhumane conditions which is a violation of the Constitution of South Africa. Currently the morale of members of Correctional Services is very low and this has an influence on the way in which they treat prisoners. These members are supposed to be an example to prisoners but instead their bad behaviour has a negative influence on prisoner's discipline. Correctional Services goal is to make every member a rehabilitator but overcrowding will first have to be reduced. Individual attention to prisoners is one of the building blocks of Unit Management but overcrowding of prisons creates a member/prisoner ratio which is far too high to be effective with rehabilitating prisoners. Community based sentences can also be utilized more frequently by the courts. It can better rehabilitation possibilities and through this the objectives of punishment are met. In the past the focus of South African Law was on the criminal. With the Correctional Services Act (Act 111/1998) this focus was shifted to the victim as well. Both these parties can now come together and discuss the offence as well as the influence it had on the victim. This is called restorative justice and it helps the offender with re-integration into the community. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xx, 450 leaves)
dc.language.iso af en
dc.subject Community corrections en
dc.subject Community re-integration en
dc.subject Corrections en
dc.subject Crime prevention en
dc.subject Offender en
dc.subject Overcrowding en
dc.subject Recidivism en
dc.subject Rehabilitation en
dc.subject Restorative justice en
dc.subject Unit management en
dc.subject.ddc 365.660968
dc.subject.lcsh Prisons -- Overcrowding -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Community-based corrections -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Recidivism -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Crime prevention -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Corrections -- South Africa -- Management
dc.subject.lcsh Criminals -- Rehabilitation -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Restorative justice -- South Africa
dc.title Uitwerking van oorbevolking binne Suid-Afrikaanse gevangenisse op die rehabilitasie van oortreders en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Criminology and Security Science en D. Litt. et Phil. (Penology) en

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