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Use of the biological body-fluid detection dog for investigation of rape cases

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dc.contributor.advisor Horne, Juanida Suzette
dc.contributor.author Maharaj, Vishyal
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-02T09:38:14Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-02T09:38:14Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02
dc.identifier.citation Maharaj, Vishyal (2018) Use of the biological body-fluid detection dog for investigation of rape cases, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/24526>
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/24526
dc.description.abstract Serious and violent crime in South Africa (SA) has been on the rise in the last few years. The SAPS has been stretched to the maximum in its efforts of trying to stabilise the situation, and has applied various tactics and strategies to eradicate crime. This included, among other things, changes to the basic training programme and reintroduction of specialised units. The success or failure of any criminal investigation will still often depend on the detection and analysis of physical evidence found on the crime scene. Crimes such as rape will always leave behind physical evidence in the form of body-fluids. The detectives need not be experts in order to detect or analyse this physical evidence, but should be experienced enough to know which experts or investigative aids must be used to ensure maximum recovery of the evidence. The purpose of this study was to determine how the Biological Body-fluid Dog (BBFD) can assist detectives in the investigation of rape cases. The researcher has chosen a unique investigative aid in the form of man’s best friend, namely “The Police K9” (canine). The literature shows that trained police dogs have achieved outstanding success in numerous fields around the world, i.e. from narcotic busts, detection of explosives, to countering terrorist threats, to the most chilling search-and-rescue operations. The SAPS has sent its search-and-rescue dogs to many countries abroad to assist in natural disasters. Dogs have been trained by various police agencies for various purposes, but the BBFD dog is unique to the SAPS, and is trained to detect only human blood and semen. The use of K9s in the complex forensic science environment can never be doubted or overlooked. The main problem facing the Booysens SAPS was the low arrest and conviction rate in rape cases, due to a lack of evidence. The researcher hopes to broaden the detectives’ knowledge and skills regarding the objectives of crime investigation, with special focus on detection of physical evidence at rape crime scenes. The BBFD dog is trained to detect minute amounts of body fluid on any type or size of surface, including veld, bush areas, vehicles, carpets, grass, bedrooms, etc. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiii, 133 leaves) : color illustrations
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Crime scene en
dc.subject Investigation en
dc.subject Rape crime scenes en
dc.subject Body-fluid en
dc.subject Detection dog en
dc.subject Trained en
dc.subject Evidence en
dc.subject Conviction en
dc.subject.ddc 363.2595320968227
dc.subject.lcsh Rape -- Investigation -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh Criminal investigation -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh Crime scene searches -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh Detector dogs -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh Rapists -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality -- Identification en
dc.subject.lcsh Evidence, Real -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh Forensic sciences -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality en
dc.subject.lcsh South African Police Service en
dc.title Use of the biological body-fluid detection dog for investigation of rape cases en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Police Practice en
dc.description.degree M.A. (Criminal Justice)


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