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Defeating the dragon: Heroin dependence recovery

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Staden, F. J. (Prof.) en
dc.contributor.advisor Weyers, J. L. (Prof) en Santos, Monika Maria Lucia Freitas dos en 2009-08-25T11:02:53Z 2009-08-25T11:02:53Z 2009-08-25T11:02:53Z 2006-06-30 en
dc.identifier.citation Santos, Monika Maria Lucia Freitas dos (2009) Defeating the dragon: Heroin dependence recovery, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Heroin dependence, which is escalating within South Africa, has become a symbol of the social disorder of the times - associated with materialism, poverty, crime, the problems of a society in transition, the disadvantaged, and the inner cities. However, that is not to say that all those who misuse heroin develop a problem or become dependent. In reality, only a small minority of heroin users develop a dependence, but for those who do it can result in unpleasant and potentially terrifying experiences/consequences, that can often be extremely difficult to escape from. That is not to say that recovery from dependence to heroin is not possible. Indeed, contrary to the beliefs of many people, the reality is that many people do eventually recover. Despite the vast sums of money devoted to treatment intervention of heroin dependants in the South Africa and worldwide, the processes by which recovery occur remain fairly unclear. Moreover, relatively little is known about the contribution of interventions and processes in facilitating such recovery. The statistical and content analysis of the data revealed that one of the most important factors identified in allowing successful behaviour modification and promoting recovery was psychosocial and pharmacological intervention, which seemed to produce a range of positive effects that facilitated natural healing processes. However, a range of other factors alongside intervention were also important in promoting behaviour modification. This study has provided important information, from forty recovering heroin dependants themselves, on the many factors that are important in achieving abstinence, in allowing recovery to be maintained in the longer term, and in potentially allowing an eventual exit from heroin dependence. A number of difficulties encountered in intervention were also identified. The statistical findings of the study support the `maturing out' hypothesis of heroin dependence (c² = 16.841; r = 0.001; df = 3). Ethnicity, highest level of education, employment status, marital status, biological parents' marital status or whether biological parents were deceased or not did not relate to any of the identified behavioural indices associated with heroin dependence recovery. A framework for the development of a contextual heroin dependence recovery model is also discussed. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Opioid use disorders en
dc.subject Opioid dependence recovery en
dc.subject Opioid addiction recovery en
dc.subject Opioid dependence en
dc.subject Opioid addiction en
dc.subject Heroin use disorders en
dc.subject Heroin dependence recovery en
dc.subject Heroin addiction recovery en
dc.subject Heroin dependence en
dc.subject Heroin addiction en
dc.subject Opioid use disorder recovery en
dc.subject Substance use disorders en
dc.subject Substance use disorder recovery en
dc.subject.lcsh Drug control -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Drug abuse -- South Africa -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Drug abuse -- Government policy -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Drug addicts -- Rehabilitation -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Drug addiction -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Heroin abuse -- South Africa -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Substance abuse -- Treatment -- South Africa
dc.title Defeating the dragon: Heroin dependence recovery en
dc.type Thesis en en
dc.description.department Psychology en (M.A.(Psychology)) en

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