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Evaluation of antiretroviral therapy program in primary health care settings of Lesotho

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dc.contributor.advisor Nkosi, Z. Z. Nyangu, Isabel 2017-03-15T12:20:12Z 2017-03-15T12:20:12Z 2016-11
dc.identifier.citation Nyangu, Isabel (2016) Evaluation of antiretroviral therapy program in primary health care settings of Lesotho, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiretroviral therapy program in primary health care settings in Lesotho. Mixed methods research using a convergent parallel mixed methods design was used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data which were analysed during the same phase of the research process. Two groups of participants participated in the study, the registered nurse group was composed of registered nurses/midwives/nurse clinicians involved in ART service provision and the second group was composed of adults aged 18 years and older who were HIV/AIDS positive. Quantitative data had a compliance rate of 92% and it were analysed using SPSS (23). Qualitative data were analysed using constant comparison analysis and seven themes, fourteen categories and twenty two sub-categories emerged from the data analysis. Findings of the study revealed that the majority of PHC facilities were staffed by registered nurse midwives and nurse clinicians who were qualified, confident, knowledgeable and competent in the execution of duties. Generally there were a large number of patients that sought ART services which were offered on a weekly basis although there was variation in the actual number of days the services were provided. The time patients spent seeking ART services varied across the facilities and ARVs and other drugs were usually available. Challenges in the delivery of ART services included unsatisfactory staffing resulting in the provision of inadequate services and work overload, lack of knowledge of some patients, use of incentives by some partners and too many partners being involved in ART, inadequate documentary evidence and stigma pertaining to the HIV status of individuals. Furthermore, ARVs were reported to make patients feel hungry hence resulting in lack of satisfaction in ART services, ART services were inadequate due to dysfunctional equipment and some patients had been lost due to inability to screen for cancer and there was incomplete monitoring and evaluation of the ART program. However, participants in this study generally showed their acknowledgement of the ART services as they generally improved their health status despite the many challenges that were being faced. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (x, 254 leaves, 5 unnumbered pages) : color illustrations, color maps en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Antiretroviral therapy en
dc.subject Antiretroviral therapy program en
dc.subject Evaluation en
dc.subject Evaluation of HIV/AIDS en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS program en
dc.subject Primary health care en
dc.subject Lesotho en
dc.subject.ddc 616.979206096885
dc.subject.lcsh Antiretroviral agents -- Treatment -- Lesotho en
dc.subject.lcsh Primary health care -- Lesotho en
dc.subject.lcsh Highly active antiretroviral therapy -- Evaluation en
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Therapy -- Lesotho en
dc.subject.lcsh Community-based social services -- Lesotho en
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Treatment -- Lesotho en
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- Treatment -- Lesotho en
dc.title Evaluation of antiretroviral therapy program in primary health care settings of Lesotho en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Health Studies en Phil. (Health Studies)

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