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Crime prevention in neighbourhoods

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dc.contributor.advisor Conradie, H. (Herman), 1946- en
dc.contributor.author Coetzer, Carina en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-25T11:01:12Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-25T11:01:12Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08-25T11:01:12Z
dc.date.submitted 2003-11-30 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/2185
dc.description.abstract In this section of research, a new crime prevention model for residential neighbourhoods, namely the HONC - against crime model was developed. This model is based on the Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design principles (CPTED). The first three elements of this model are intended to better the function of CPTED in neighbourhoods. The elements are as follows: H = Healthy lifestyle O = Online (Information technology) N = Nature C = CPTED The effectiveness of the elements in the prevention of crime was tested in two gated communities and one open neighbourhood, namely Woodlands Lifestyle Estate, Prairie Estate and Glossa Estate. All these neighbourhoods are situated in Garsfontein, a suburb of Pretoria, South Africa. Woodlands Lifestyle Estate was designed in accordance with these principles. This neighbourhood is situated next to a nature reserve called Moreletaspruit. The fence facing this reserve is a steel palisade to provide a view of the scenery. The other three fences are solid brick. This Estate has two entrances with formal access control. Woodlands has a specifically designed lifestyle centre which contains a gym, squash courts, swimming pool, tennis courts and an entertainment area. Pedestrian routs run from this centralised centre throughout the neighbourhood with water features and adequate lighting. Prairie Estate is also a gated community, fenced off with a brick wall and reachable through one entrance with formal access control. The architectural design of dwellings within this neighbourhood was left to the discretion of different developers. The only area for recreational activity within this neighbourhood is the fenced off club house and swimming pool. Glossa Estate is situated diagonally across Woodlands Lifestyle Estate, and is an open neighbourhood. It has three entrances with one guard patrolling the interior neighbourhood. This neighbourhood was designed with a park as a recreational area. The park was not in use and became overgrown, which created a crime problem, and it was therefore fenced off and the gate locked. Only the element of a healthy lifestyle could be proven as influential in the incidence of crime. The last three elements only served as guidelines and need to be tested in further research. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (226, [13] leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Residential neighbourhoods en
dc.subject CPTED en
dc.subject Crime prevention en
dc.subject.ddc 364.40968227
dc.subject.lcsh Gated communities -- South Africa -- Pretoria
dc.subject.lcsh Community life -- South Africa -- Pretoria
dc.subject.lcsh Crime prevention -- South Africa -- Pretoria -- Citizen participation
dc.subject.lcsh Crime prevention and architectural design -- South Africa -- Pretoria
dc.title Crime prevention in neighbourhoods en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Criminology en
dc.description.degree D.Litt. et Phil. (Criminology) en


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