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An ecosystemic approach to addressing attentional difficulties and heightened motor activity

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dc.contributor.advisor Kokot, Shirley J. (Shirley Joan), 1946- en
dc.contributor.author Van der Westhuizen, Beulah en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-25T11:01:02Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-25T11:01:02Z
dc.date.issued 2007-03
dc.date.submitted 2007-03-31 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/2165
dc.description.abstract The study proposes an ecosystemic approach as an intervention for attentional difficulties and heightened motor activity, traditionally known as AD/HD. A literature study of AD/HD is presented first as a psycho-educational frame of reference. The focus then shifts to the symtoms of AD/DH to move closer to the possible underlying causes of these symptoms. In doing so, the focus changes from AD/HD as a diagnosis to attentional difficulties and heightened motor activity as presenting symptoms. Attention and motor activity as constructs are investigated in terms of their neuro-anatomical, neuro-chemical and neuro-physiological aspects. Furthermore, neurodevelopment, physiological stress, neurodevelopmental delay, information processing systems, sensory-motor subsystems and integration as constructs are investigated to understand their role in attention and modulation of motor activity. The study of attention and motor activity and their associated neurological factors motivates an alternative, ecosystemic method of intervention. The proposed approach includes an investigation into internal and external biochemical ecosystems such as environmental pollutants, deficiencies of essential nutrients and genetic deficiencies of the immune system. Other aspects such as time, maturation and neurodevelopment are also considered as well as the gentle interplay between these aspects. The therapeutic intervention includes sound therapy, neurodevelopmental movement activities, EEG neurofeedback and nutrition. Experimental research with a sample population of 12 diagnosed grade 4 and 5 AD/HD learners over a 11 week period was conducted. Statistically significant improvements in aspects of attention were noted using 2 standardised instruments and verification through parent interviews in the first and second experimental groups. Statistically significant improvements were noted in aspects of motor activity (a decline in hyperactive behaviour) in the second experimental group with verification from teacher interviews. Additionally, children in the first experimental group improved significantly more than children in the control group with regards to mathematic skills. The second experimental group showed significant improvement with large effect sizes on reading, mathematic skills and spelling. In conclusion, the statistically significant results obtained with the proposed approach motivates implementation, with improvements in attention, motor activity control and academic performance as a prospect. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xxii, 408 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject AD/HD en
dc.subject Attention en
dc.subject Motor activity en
dc.subject Hyperactivity en
dc.subject Academic performance en
dc.subject Ecosystemic en
dc.subject Sound therapy en
dc.subject EEG neurotherapy en
dc.subject Neurodevelopmental en
dc.subject Nutrition en
dc.subject Alternative approach en
dc.subject Neurophysiological en
dc.subject Neuro anatomincal en
dc.subject Neurochemical en
dc.subject.ddc 618.928589
dc.subject.lcsh Hyperactive children
dc.subject.lcsh Hyperactivity
dc.subject.lcsh Attention-deficit-disordered children
dc.subject.lcsh Behavior disorders in children
dc.subject.lcsh Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
dc.title An ecosystemic approach to addressing attentional difficulties and heightened motor activity en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Psychology of Education en
dc.description.degree D. Ed.(Psychology of Education) en


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