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Enhancing the validity of the SAPS gold fingerprinting database through improved sample-collection techniques

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dc.contributor.advisor Olivier, Nicolaas Jacobus Campher en Crundwell, Gordon Rhodes en 2009-08-25T11:00:08Z 2009-08-25T11:00:08Z 2009-08-25T11:00:08Z 2008-04-30 en
dc.identifier.citation Crundwell, Gordon Rhodes (2009) Enhancing the validity of the SAPS gold fingerprinting database through improved sample-collection techniques, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract This study's main focus was to analyse the methodology used by gold mines when obtaining reference samples required for gold fingerprinting analysis. Such methodology is also regulated by legislation in that in terms of the Precious Metals Act 37 of 2005 sect 22(1), "Any producer or any person who imports precious metals must submit to the Forensic Science Laboratory (FSL) of the South African Police Service (SAPS) such specimens of any precious metals produced or imported by him or her as may be prescribed". The gold mines are producers of precious metals, specifically gold, and they are therefore required to submit reference samples, which are then used by the SAPS FSL to maintain a database of gold samples. This database can then be used for comparison purposes during the forensic science of gold fingerprinting. The supporting regulations of the Precious Metals Act, Section 19 stipulate seven requirements for the submission of reference samples and this study intends to give guidelines to security officials employed on the gold mines of South Africa to ensure that these requirements are met and that the validity of the SAPS gold fingerprint database is enhanced through improved sample-collection techniques. The use of gold fingerprinting is part of the forensic investigation process used when trying to establish the origin of gold confiscated as an exhibit during police and mining security crime operations and recoveries, and this allows for victim identification in the resultant criminal trial and proper disposal of recovered gold-bearing materials that are recovered. It is important for the mine security official responsible for reference sample collection to keep in mind that the methodology used when obtaining these samples could be challenged in court and that, therefore, definitive guidelines should be followed to ensure that the most representative samples are collected and that the collection and handing over of samples meet chain of evidence requirements. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (vii, 101 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject.ddc 363.240968
dc.subject.lcsh Fingerprints -- Identification
dc.subject.lcsh Fingerprints
dc.subject.lcsh Fingerprints -- Data processing
dc.subject.lcsh Identification -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Forensic sciences -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Criminal investigation -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Evidence, Criminal -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Mines and mineral resources -- South Africa -- Data processing
dc.title Enhancing the validity of the SAPS gold fingerprinting database through improved sample-collection techniques en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Criminology and Security Science en M.Tech (Forensic Investigation) en

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