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Preparation, characterization and performance evaluation of Nanocomposite SoyProtein/Carbon Nanotubes (Soy/CNTs) from Soy Protein Isolate

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dc.contributor.advisor Afolabi, A. S.
dc.contributor.advisor Daramola, M. O. Sadare, Olawumi Oluwafolakemi 2016-05-13T09:06:12Z 2016-05-13T09:06:12Z 2015-04
dc.identifier.citation Sadare, Olawumi Oluwafolakemi (2015) Preparation, characterization and performance evaluation of Nanocomposite SoyProtein/Carbon Nanotubes (Soy/CNTs) from Soy Protein Isolate, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Formaldehyde-based adhesives have been reported to be detrimental to health. Petrochemical-based adhesives are non-renewable, limited and costly. Therefore, the improvement of environmental-friendly adhesive from natural agricultural products has awakened noteworthy attention. A novel adhesive for wood application was successfully prepared with enhanced shear strength and water resistance. The Fourier transmform infrared spectra showed the surface functionalities of the functionalized carbon nanotubes (FCNTs) and soy protein isolate nanocomposite adhesive. The attachment of carboxylic functional group on the surface of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) after purification contributed to the effective dispersion of the CNTs in the nanocomposite adhesive. Hence, enhanced properties of FCNTs were successfully transferred into the SPI/CNTs nanocomposite adhesive. These unique functionalities on FCNTs however, improved the mechanical properties of the adhesive. The shear strength and water resistance of SPI/FCNTs was higher than that of the SPI/CNTs. SEM images showed the homogenous dispersion of CNTs in the SPI/CNTs nanocomposite adhesive. The carbon nanotubes were distributed uniformly in the soy protein adhesive with no noticeable clusters at relatively reduced fractions of CNTs as shown in the SEM images, which resulted into better adhesion on wood surface. Mechanical (shear) mixing and ultrasonication with 30 minutes of shear mixing both showed an improved dispersion of CNTs in the soy protein matrix. However, ultrasonication method of dispersion showed higher tensile shear strength and water resistance than in mechanical (shear) mixing method. Thermogravimetric analysis of the samples also showed that the CNTs incorporated increases the thermal stability of the nanocomposite adhesive at higher loading fraction. Incorporation of CNTs into soy protein isolate adhesive improved both the shear strength and water resistance of the adhesive prepared at a relatively reduced concentration of 0.3%.The result showed that tensile shear strength of SPI/FCNTs adhesive was 0.8 MPa and 7.25MPa at dry and wet state respectively, while SPI/CNTs adhesive had 6.91 MPa and 5.48MPa at dry and wet state respectively. There was over 100% increase in shear strength both at dry and wet state compared to the pure SPI adhesive. The 19% decrease in value of the new adhesive developed compared to the minimum value of ≥10MPa of European standard for interior wood application may be attributed to the presence of metallic particles remaining after purification of CNTs. The presence of metallic particles will prevent the proper penetration of the adhesive into the wood substrate. The type of wood used in this study as well as the processing parameters could also result into lower value compared to the value of European standard. Therefore, optimization of the processing parameter as well as the conversion of carboxylic acid group on the surface of the CNTs into acyl chloride group may be employed in future investigation. However, the preparation of new nanocomposite adhesive from soy protein isolate will replace the formaldehyde and petrochemical adhesive in the market and be of useful application in the wood industry. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xviii, 108 leaves) : ilustrations (some color)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Adhesive en
dc.subject Soy protein Isolate en
dc.subject Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) en
dc.subject Shear strength en
dc.subject Nanocomposite en
dc.subject Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) en
dc.subject Fourier transform infra-red en
dc.subject Thermo gravimetric analysis en
dc.subject Performance evaluation en
dc.subject Wood en
dc.subject.ddc 620.5
dc.subject.lcsh Adhesives
dc.subject.lcsh Nanocomposites (Materials)
dc.subject.lcsh Nanotechnology
dc.subject.lcsh Nanotubes
dc.subject.lcsh Carbon nanotubes
dc.subject.lcsh Scanning electron microscopy
dc.subject.lcsh Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
dc.title Preparation, characterization and performance evaluation of Nanocomposite SoyProtein/Carbon Nanotubes (Soy/CNTs) from Soy Protein Isolate en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Civil and Chemical Engineering M. Tech. (Chemical Engineering)

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