Institutional Repository

Child sexual abuse by teachers in secondary schools in the Masvingo District, Zimbabwe : perceptions of selected stakeholders

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Venter, Elizabeth Magwa, Simuforosa 2016-04-08T10:42:40Z 2016-04-08T10:42:40Z 2015-09
dc.identifier.citation Magwa, Simuforosa (2015) Child sexual abuse by teachers in secondary schools in the Masvingo District, Zimbabwe : perceptions of selected stakeholders, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Child sexual abuse is a widespread problem in schools globally. Learners are at risk of sexual abuse by teachers. This study set out to explore the perceptions of learners, teachers and educational psychologists on child sexual abuse by teachers in schools. Literature relating to child sexual abuse was reviewed with the aim of obtaining a solid theoretical foundation for the study. The study is informed by the systems theory. In an attempt to provide acceptable answers to the research problem the qualitative phenomenological design was employed and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. Purposive sampling was used to select schools and participants in the Masvingo district in Zimbabwe. The schools selected are one rural day, one rural boarding, one urban day and one urban boarding. A total of 8 learners, 2 from each school, 8 teachers, 2 from each school and 3 educational psychologists from the district offices were selected bringing to a total of 19 participants. Accepted ethical measures were adhered to during the study. Tesch’s open coding method of data analysis was used to identify themes and categories. The study indicated that child sexual abuse in schools is rampant and that teachers are among the perpetrators of this abuse. Child sexual abuse in schools is defined by the study as the unwelcome contact or non-contact sexual behaviour by a teacher on a learner. Findings from the study reveal that girls are more vulnerable to sexual abuse than boys and male teachers sexually abuse learners more than female teachers do. There are physical, behavioural, emotional and educational indicators of child sexual abuse. According to the results of the study multiple factors cause teachers to sexually abuse learners. Some of these factors include abuse of power by teachers, poverty of learners, lust on the part of the teacher, and disregard of law by teachers. Students were said to sometimes be contributors to their own sexual abuse through their seductive behaviours and dressing. It emerged from the study that child sexual abuse by teachers has a host of negative physical, emotional, psychological and educational repercussions on the sexually abused learner. It results in serious health effects such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), unwanted pregnancy and psychological trauma. Poor academic performance and failure to complete education are consequences of sexual abuse. Findings from the study revealed that child sexual abuse by teachers in schools should not be tolerated and thus it should be prevented. In light of these findings recommendations are made with regards to how various stakeholders in the school namely the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education, Zimbabwe, policy makers, school heads, teachers, parents and learners can help fight this scourge. Areas for further research are proposed. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xvi, 278 leaves) : illustrations (chiefly color), color map en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Child sexual abuse en
dc.subject Victim en
dc.subject Perpetrator en
dc.subject Stakeholder perceptions en
dc.subject School en
dc.subject Teacher en
dc.subject Systems theory en
dc.subject.ddc 371.78096891
dc.subject.lcsh Child sexual abuse -- Zimbabwe -- Masvingo en
dc.subject.lcsh High school teachers -- Zimbabwe -- Masvingo -- Conduct of life en
dc.subject.lcsh Teacher-student relationships -- Zimbabwe -- Masvingo en
dc.subject.lcsh Teachers -- Complaints against -- Zimbabwe -- Masvingo en
dc.subject.lcsh Sexual harassment in education -- Zimbabwe -- Masvingo en
dc.title Child sexual abuse by teachers in secondary schools in the Masvingo District, Zimbabwe : perceptions of selected stakeholders en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Psychology of Education en D. Ed. (Psychology of Education) en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UnisaIR


My Account