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Deviance and moralisiation as portrayed in selected post-independence Shona novels and short stories

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dc.contributor.advisor Mutasa, D.E.
dc.contributor.advisor Muwati, I.
dc.contributor.author Wasosa, Wellington
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-08T13:42:23Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-08T13:42:23Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11
dc.identifier.citation Wasosa, Wellington (2014) Deviance and moralisiation as portrayed in selected post-independence Shona novels and short stories, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/19842> en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/19842
dc.description.abstract This thesis is an exegesis of the portrayal of deviance in selected post-independence Shona fictional works. The analysis is done within the context of moralisation in Shona literature. The forms of deviant behaviour discussed include prostitution, homosexuality, crime and violence and negligence of duty within families. The fictional works are Mapenzi (1999), Totanga Patsva (2003), Ndozviudza Aniko? (2006), Ndafa Here? (2008), and Makaitei? (2008). All the fictional works are set during the period of the Zimbabwe Crisis and this becomes the context of the criticism of the manner in which deviance is handled by the writers. Particular attention is paid on the causes and solutions to deviance, images of deviants and the implications of such images in attempting to understand the realities of deviant behaviour. The research adopts an eclectic approach through a combination of literary and sociological theories to unpack issues concerning the litigious subject of deviance. The research fully acknowledges that deviance is a fluid and controversial concept as it varies with cultural frameworks and historical periods of certain societies. Thus the research has endeavoured to locate deviance with the ambit of Shona existential philosophy and the period of the Zimbabwe crisis. The research advances the argument that no human being is inherently deviant but there are certain circumstances and eventualities that are responsible for the development of such a personality. Therefore deviance herein is viewed as a response to the situation and in the case of this research it is the crisis which then is responsible for nurturing the people into deviance. In most of the situations, deviance is shown to be essentially a survival strategy by those who engage in it. Prostitution, homosexuality and crime have been shown to be largely economic necessities as the collapsing economy during the period of the crisis came with amorphous challenges and people resorted to anti-social behaviour in an attempt to live contenting lives. With regards to prostitution, homosexuality and crime, the writers have to a larger extent been able to contextualise deviance in terms of the crisis although Mabasa has been shown to display some ambivalence in his treatment of prostitutes in Mapenzi and Ndafa Here? There are instances he castigates prostitutes as social renegades which somehow weakens his vision. Apart from this, it has also been argued that deviant behaviour can be a result of the frustrations people face as they battle the vagaries of life. Violence and negligence of duty within families is argued to be a consequence of the frustrations from the poverty brought by the crisis and the movement into the diaspora as this has its own challenges that disempower people to carry out their duties as sanctioned by culture. Also, the research advances the argument that oral literature continues to impact on written literature and one such area is that of moralisation which continues to be a major priority of the writers. Except for the authors of the short stories in Totanga Patsva, moralisation on issues to do with deviance has been done in an enlightening way as the writers unearth the underlying causes of deviant behaviour and these are found in society and not individuals. The writers of the short stories have shown to be largely influenced by feminism and erroneously blame male deviants for the problems faced by women instead of explaining men`s behaviour in the context colonialism and neo-colonialism which brought various challenges related to gender relations in Africa not experienced hitherto. The direction in terms of qualitative development which Shona literature is taking in post-independence era is positive as the writers are shown to be tackling sensitive political, social and economic issues and their impact on the human condition. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (ix, 282)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Deviance en
dc.subject Moralisation en
dc.subject Post-independence en
dc.subject Shona Fiction en
dc.subject Shona culture en
dc.subject Sociology en
dc.subject Oral literature en
dc.subject Zimbabwe Crisis en
dc.subject Ubuntu/unhu en
dc.subject.ddc 896.397532
dc.subject.lcsh Shona fiction--History and criticism
dc.subject.lcsh Short stories, Shona
dc.subject.lcsh Deviant behavior in literature
dc.subject.lcsh Literature and morals
dc.subject.lcsh Social norms in literature
dc.subject.lcsh Zimbabwe--Politics and government--In Literature
dc.title Deviance and moralisiation as portrayed in selected post-independence Shona novels and short stories en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department African Languages en
dc.description.degree D. Litt. et Phil.


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