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Guidelines for gender sensitive HIV and AIDS prevention strategies among reproductive age women in Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Ganga-Limando, M.
dc.contributor.advisor Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, G. Abraham Alemayehu Gatta 2015-11-18T08:34:43Z 2015-11-18T08:34:43Z 2015-01 2015-11-18
dc.identifier.citation Abraham Alemayehu Gatta (2015) Guidelines for gender sensitive HIV and AIDS prevention strategies among reproductive age women in Ethiopia, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Background AIDS remains one of the world’s most serious health challenges affecting more females than men. The differences in the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among gender groups stem from biology, sexual behaviour and socially constructed gender differences between women and men in roles and responsibilities, access to resources and decision-making power. It could also be due to the females’ status in society which could be justified by lower economic and decision making ability. Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the role of gender in the spread of HIV among women of reproductive age in Ethiopia; with the view of developing gender sensitive HIV and AIDS prevention strategies. Methods The study used sequential mixed method with quantitative and qualitative paradigm. During first phase of the study, health facility based descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Data was collected from 422 respondents using a structured questionnaire. Forty participants were recruited by purposive sampling from representatives working in reproductive health or related fields. Results About 83.2% of respondents reported that sexual intercourse discussion should be initiated by male partners. This showed that majority of respondents were dependent on their male partners in decision-making regarding sexual matters in their relationship. Multiple sexual partners were common among the respondents. One third of the respondents reported to have had intercourse with more than one partner during the past twelve months of the study period. Higher proportion of respondents (61.4%, n=259) had never used condom during sexual intercourse with their partner/s. As a result these risky sexual practices are a potential threat for spread of HIV and AIDS among women. Thus developed guidelines would alleviate the existing problems through implementation of strategies of HIV and AIDS prevention to enhance women’s status at household and different administrative structure level. Conclusion Gender disparities in relation to negotiating sexual relations among the study respondents were found to be still relevant. The culture that has placed men at the helm of leadership in sexual matters is strongly upheld and that includes who recommends use of preventive measures and who regulates when and how to enter into a sexual relationship. Guidelines for gender sensitive prevention strategies if applied appropriately would educate women and men to make decision about what directly affects their health en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (viii, 115 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Gender en
dc.subject Gender-sensitive en
dc.subject Guidelines en
dc.subject HIV and AIDS en
dc.subject Magnitude of HIV Vulnerability en
dc.subject Prevention strategies en
dc.subject Vulnerability en
dc.subject Women of reproductive age en
dc.subject.ddc 362.196979200963
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Ethiopia -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- Ethiopia -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh Young women -- Health and hygiene -- Ethiopia
dc.subject.lcsh Reproductive health services -- Ethiopia
dc.subject.lcsh Sex role -- Ethiopia
dc.title Guidelines for gender sensitive HIV and AIDS prevention strategies among reproductive age women in Ethiopia en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Health Studies en D. Litt. et Phil. (Health Studies)

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