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The origin, theology, transmission, and recurrent impact of Landmarkism in the Southern Baptist Convention (1850-2012)

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dc.contributor.advisor Mogashoa, M. H. Maples, James Hoyle 2015-08-17T13:01:00Z 2015-08-17T13:01:00Z 2014-03 2015-08-17
dc.identifier.citation Maples, James Hoyle (2014) The origin, theology, transmission, and recurrent impact of Landmarkism in the Southern Baptist Convention (1850-2012), University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract Landmarkism was a sectarian view of Baptist church history and practice. It arose in the mid-eighteenth century and was a dominant force in the first half-century of the life of the Southern Baptist Convention, America’s largest Protestant denomination. J. R. Graves was its chief architect, promoter, and apologist. He initiated or helped propagate controversies which shaped Southern Baptist life and practice. His influence spread Landmarkism throughout the Southern Baptist Convention through religious periodicals, books, and educational materials. Key Landmark figures in the seminaries and churches also promoted these views. After over fifty years of significant impact the influence of Landmarkism seemed to diminish eventually fading from sight. Many observers of Southern Baptist life relegated it to a movement of historical interest but no current impact. In an effort to examine this assumption, research was conducted which explored certain theological positions of Graves, other Landmarkers, and sects claimed as the true church by the promoters of Baptist church succession. Further research focused on the Landmark influence leading up to the American Civil War (1861-1865) and the spread of Landmarkism after the death of Graves (1893) until the close of the twentieth century. The research revealed significant theological inconsistencies which were heretofore unexamined critically and often ignored by promoters of the Landmark view as long as the view of the Baptist Church and its history was within Landmark definitions. A mass of vituperative rhetoric in defense of slavery from Landmark authors was uncovered. It was also found that significant percentages of Southern Baptists still hold some key Landmark beliefs. The persistence of these beliefs is tied to Landmarkers in key positions within the Southern Baptist Convention and the influence of local pastors with Landmark views. Landmarkism is a term the average Southern Baptist cannot define. Landmark beliefs, however, are still present, but many view them merely as Baptist doctrine and history. The research concluded that Landmarkism is far from a forgotten piece of Southern Baptist history. Its influence, impact, and grip are very visible in some Southern Baptist beliefs and practices. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 291 leaves) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Landmarkism en
dc.subject Landmark en
dc.subject Landmarker en
dc.subject Southern Baptist Convention en
dc.subject Church Succession en
dc.subject Successionism en
dc.subject Successionist en
dc.subject High Church en
dc.subject High Churchism en
dc.subject Southwest en
dc.subject Authorized Administrator en
dc.subject.ddc 286.13209
dc.subject.lcsh Southern Baptist Convention -- History -- 20th century
dc.subject.lcsh Church controversies -- Baptists, [Catholic Church, etc.] -- History -- 20th century
dc.subject.lcsh Landmarkism
dc.subject.lcsh Baptists -- Doctrines
dc.title The origin, theology, transmission, and recurrent impact of Landmarkism in the Southern Baptist Convention (1850-2012) en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Christian Spirituality, Church History and Missiology en D.Th. (Church History)

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