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Semantico-grammatical consciousness raising in an ESL programme for primary school teacher trainees

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dc.contributor.advisor Cluver, August D. de V. (August Dawid de Villiers)
dc.contributor.advisor Hubbard, E. H. (Ernest Hilton), 1947- Barnard, Yvonne 2015-01-23T04:24:48Z 2015-01-23T04:24:48Z 1995-11
dc.identifier.citation Barnard, Yvonne (1995) Semantico-grammatical consciousness raising in an ESL programme for primary school teacher trainees, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract This study investigates the effect of multilevelled semanticogrammatical consciousness raising procedures on fossilised verb structures. It is hypothesised that these procedures will reactivate grammaticisation processes leading to the destabilisation of fossilised structures. The study attempts to establish whether fossilised structures can be destabilised, how processes of grammaticisation may be activated, whether adult advanced learners are still able to improve grammatical accuracy levels, what cognitive processes operate in interlanguage change, and how ESL teaching in the primary school classroom may be improved. The subjects are first-year ESL teacher trainees who have been learning English in formal classrooms for eight to ten years. They are subjected to pretests, a ten-week consciousness raising intervention programme, and posttests. The consciousness raising activities are set in a primary school teaching context, thus establishing relevance. The varied strategies used are presented progressively on different levels of consciousness. The theoretical contributions of the study are the insights gained in respect of the psychodynamics of fossilisation and learning theory as it relates to semantico-grammatical consciousness raising within a Cognitive Theory paradigm. According to the findings the total number of verb errors are significantly reduced and self-monitoring and other-monitoring skills significantly improved after the intervention. The semantic value of verb structures evidently acts as a regulator of form: semantically significant structures are destabilised but semantically vacuous structures do not respond to semanticogrammatical consciousness raising strategies. By implication, semantic significance of structures promotes learnabili ty whereas semantic vacuity is conducive to fossilisation. A relatively invariant ability gap between self-monitoring and other-monitoring is also identified. Subjects are significantly better at monitoring structures produced by others than their own. Self-monitoring, which is a necessary prerequisite for interlanguage change, is improved by consciousness raising but is apparently affected negatively by conventional analytical rule-based teaching. This study concludes that multilevelled semantico-grammatical consciousness raising procedures may precipitate defossilisation and that fossilised structures are not necessarily immutable. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xv, 369 leaves)
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject.ddc 372.6521044
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Semantics en
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Study and teaching (Primary) -- Foreign speakers en
dc.subject.lcsh English teachers -- Training of -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Cognition en
dc.subject.lcsh Language arts (Primary) -- South Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh English language -- Agreement en
dc.title Semantico-grammatical consciousness raising in an ESL programme for primary school teacher trainees en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department Linguistics and Modern Languages D. Litt. et Phil. (Lunguistics)

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