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Neuropsychological sequelae of Transient Ischaemic attacks

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dc.contributor.advisor Nell, V.
dc.contributor.advisor Puente, Antonio E. Lazarus, Theophilus 2015-01-23T04:24:56Z 2015-01-23T04:24:56Z 1997-11
dc.identifier.citation Lazarus, Theophilus (1997) Neuropsychological sequelae of Transient Ischaemic attacks, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The present study aimed at investigating the neuropsychological sequelae of transient ischaemic attacks. Transient ischaemic attacks are defined as those neurological disorders in which there is complete resolution of neurological symptoms within twenty·four hours. Transient ischaemic attacks may or may not reveal evidence of brain infarcts on imaging studies. In the present study, the neuropsychological sequelae of transient ischaemic attacks in the carotid circulation were investigated since, within the perspective of cognitive neuropsychology, it was assumed that localized changes in cognitive functions could be demonstrated.Since several psychological, medical and neurological factors are known to influence scores·on neuropsychological tests, regression analyses were performed to determine which factors contributed significantly to the variance of scores on neuropsychological tests in the transient ischaemic attack and control groups. Two transient ischaemic attack groups, each comprising forty left and forty right hemisphere involvement patients, were then compared with each other and with a control group of forty general medical patients. Stenosis of the carotid artery formed a significant predictor of test scores in the combined transient ischaemic attack group. When the groups were·analyzed independently, in the left transient ischaemic attack group stenosis predicted performance on the same tests reaching significance for the combined group, and for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (Perseverative Score). In the right transient ischaemic attack group, stenosis significantly predicted performance on Digits Forward, Backward and Total, the PASAT (2.4 seconds) and Trails B. On the other hand, education formed a significant predictor of performance on Digits Forward, Digits Backward and Digits Total and the PASAT (all levels) in the control group. Multivariate comparisons revealed that the left and right transient ischaemic attack groups performed worse than the controls on tests of attention, concentration and conceptual flexibi1ity. The left transient ischaemic attack group performed worse than the right transient ischaemic attack group on all tests of attention and concentration, but there was a significantly better performance of the former group on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (Trial 1), Block Designs and Verbal Fluency. The findings on the PASAT that left transient ischaemic attack patients performed significantly worse than the right hemisphere group ·were considered to be relatively unreported previously in the literature on transient ischaemic attacks. The findings obtained are discussed from a neurocognitive perspective of neuropsychological functioning in transient ischaemic attacks. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xx, 370 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject.ddc 616.8
dc.subject.lcsh Neuropsychiatry en
dc.subject.lcsh Central nervous system en
dc.subject.lcsh Brain damage. en
dc.subject.lcsh Clinical neuropsychology en
dc.subject.lcsh Cerebral ischemia en
dc.subject.lcsh Wisconsin Card Sorting Test en
dc.title Neuropsychological sequelae of Transient Ischaemic attacks en
dc.type Thesis
dc.description.department Psychology Ph. D. (Psychology)

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