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Gaius Marius : a political biography

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dc.contributor.advisor Vogel-Weidemann, Ursula Evans, Richard J., 1954- en 2015-01-23T04:24:41Z 2015-01-23T04:24:41Z 1995-01 en
dc.identifier.citation Evans, Richard J., 1954- (1995) Gaius Marius : a political biography, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The political career of Gaius Marius (ca. 157-86 BC}, which spans the years between 120 and 86 BC, was memorable not only for its unprecedented personal and public triumphs, but was also of momentous significance in the whole history of the Roman Republic. At precisely the time that Marius achieved a supreme position in the state, the military might of the Romans, hitherto invincible at least in fairly recent times (second century}, had been dealt a series of humiliating setbacks abroad. Firstly, in North Africa by a rather minor despot, Jugurtha the king of Numidia. Secondly, much closer to home in Illyria and in southern Gaul by the migrating Germanic tribes, the Cimbri and the Teutones. Against this background of quite unremitting disaster, Marius obtained a place in republican political life which had not been witnessed before. In his pursuit of senatorial offices, Marius initially experienced both victories and disappointments (success in the tribunician elections but failure in elections for the aedileship) before finally winning the prestigious consulship in the elections held in 108. Thereafter, he was consul a further six times, and five of these consulships were held in successive years between 104 and 100. Just as he was dominant on the field of battle against the Numidians and the Germanic tribes, so, too, did he control the politics of the city during the decade from 108 to 99: The chapters which follow below set out to trace Marius' long rise to preeminence, his contribution to the intricate tribunician legislation of the period in which he flourished and, moreover, his involvement with other senior political figures who were his contemporaries. Furthermore, this biographical study seeks to fully expose the fact that, as a result of his participation in the politics of the time, Marius' career became an obvious example which other equally ambitious politicians (for instance, Sulla, Pompey, Crassus, Caesar and Octavian) sought to emulate or even to surpass. Consequently, Marius may not have realised the extent of the dangers which he bequeathed to the res publica but, inadvertently or not, he caused the beginning of the fall of the Roman Republic.
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (iii, 281 leaves) en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject.ddc 937.5092
dc.subject.lcsh Marius, Gaius, approximately 157 B.C.-86 B.C. en
dc.subject.lcsh Consuls, Roman -- Biography en
dc.subject.lcsh Rome -- Politics and government -- 265-30 B.C. en
dc.title Gaius Marius : a political biography en
dc.type Thesis D. Litt. et Phil. (Ancient History) en History

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