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Factors associated with the HIV transmission rate in 18 to 24 month-old children enrolled in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme at the City of Tshwane clinics

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dc.contributor.advisor Da Serra, Dicky
dc.contributor.author Moloko, Sophy Mogatlogedi
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-15T06:46:06Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-15T06:46:06Z
dc.date.issued 2013-11
dc.date.submitted 2014-08-15
dc.identifier.citation Moloko, Sophy Mogatlogedi (2013) Factors associated with the HIV transmission rate in 18 to 24 month-old children enrolled in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme at the City of Tshwane clinics, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/13817> en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/13817
dc.description.abstract The purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with the HIV transmission rate in 18 to 24 month-old children enrolled in the PMTCT programme at two selected City of Tshwane clinics. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV during labour and breastfeeding accounts for 40% of all HIV infection in children. The prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programme is one effective strategy to reduce the rate of HIV infection in children. The HIV transmission rate was low at six weeks of age but increases at 18 to 24 months of age due to several factors. The researcher selected a descriptive retrospective correlational research design. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 60 mothers of children aged 18 to 24 months on the PMTCT programme and a data-collection form to collect data from 152 clinic records of children of the same age on the programme. The study found that the PMTCT guidelines were not properly adhered to by the nurses and the respondents. Prophylactic treatment was not provided as required and mixed feeding was prominent. The uptake of HIV test at 18 to 24 months was low compared to at 6 weeks. The transmission rate was high at 18 to 24 months compared to at 6 weeks. No factors were associated with the transmission rate en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiv, 162 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Nevirapine treatment en
dc.subject Cotrimoxazole treatment en
dc.subject Prevention of mother-to-child transmission en
dc.subject Exclusive breastfeeding en
dc.subject Exclusive formula feeding en
dc.subject Mouth thrush/sores en
dc.subject Breast conditions en
dc.subject PCR test en
dc.subject HIV rapid test en
dc.subject Follow-up visits en
dc.subject.ddc 616.9792050968227
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality -- Prevention
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) in pregnancy -- South Africa -- City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality
dc.title Factors associated with the HIV transmission rate in 18 to 24 month-old children enrolled in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme at the City of Tshwane clinics en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Health Studies en
dc.description.degree M.A. (Public Health)


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