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Urban and peri-urban EcoHealth markers and health promotion intervention in Addis Ababa Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Dolamo, Bethabile
dc.contributor.author Tariku Berhanu Desalegn
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-12T10:48:21Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-12T10:48:21Z
dc.date.issued 2013-10
dc.identifier.citation Tariku Berhanu Desalegn (2013) Urban and peri-urban EcoHealth markers and health promotion intervention in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/13791> en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10500/13791
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the EcoHealth markers and health promotion interventions in the behaviour and practices of vegetables growers in Addis Ababa. The objectives were to assess the urban and peri-urban community members’ knowledge and practices on the existing environmental health policies/regulations/guidelines, assess the perspectives of women and youth on urban and peri-urban EcoHealth promotions and protections and evaluate the development and implementation of the health promotion activities on waste water use by applying an ecological model aimed at changing behaviour and by providing Bio-sand filter to promote hand wash practice which helps to reduce potential health risks among urban vegetable growers. Both quantitative and qualitative descriptive researches were conducted to identify the urban and peri urban community members’ knowledge and practices of the existing environmental health regulators and the perspectives of women and the youth on EcoHealth. Additional quasi experimental method; multiple baseline survey along with the EcoHealth Stress Process promotion method was employed to identify stressors, measure changes in environmental health promotion intervention and use of hand wash (biosand filter for hand wash). Six woredas from two subcities of the Addis Ababa City Administration were purposely selected, and a total of 845 (98.9% response rate) households participated in the quantitative study, while 142 community members (public sector offices, factories and establishments’ management and employee), participated in the qualitative survey. For quasi experimental method, six settings/blocks (of which 3 sites were provided with a bio-sand filter for hand washing) cultivated by 6 to 8 vegetable growers and their family members, were included in the intervention (multiple baseline survey). The findings revealed that about 77 percent of participants reported, knowledge of one or more of the selected environmental health and EcoHealth regulations. Ownership of assets and education tend to influence the public awareness of selected EcoHealth and environmental health regulations. Women and youth found to be significant contributors to better urban and peri-urban EcoHealth conditions and were the ones primarily affected by environmental hazards. The intervention study results also indicated evidence-based IEC interventions and ecological health promotion methods proved useful in promoting EcoHealth in an urban environment. Moreover, the biosand filter used to provide evidence of health promotion was found to be valuable for wastewater treatment and significantly reduced chemical, physical and biological contaminates from the wastewater. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiv, 236 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject EcoHealth en
dc.subject EcoHealth intervention en
dc.subject Ecological systems/ecosystems en
dc.subject Environment en
dc.subject Ecohealth markers en
dc.subject Per-urban areas en
dc.subject Urban en
dc.subject Urban health en
dc.subject Youth en
dc.subject.ddc 613.109633
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental health -- Ethiopia -- Addis Ababa
dc.subject.lcsh Lifestyles -- Health aspects -- Ethiopia -- Addis Ababa
dc.subject.lcsh Health -- Ethiopia -- Addis Ababa
dc.subject.lcsh Biotic communities -- Ethiopia -- Addis Ababa
dc.subject.lcsh Urban ecology (Sosiology) -- Ethiopia -- Addis Ababa
dc.subject.lcsh Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) --Environmental conditions
dc.title Urban and peri-urban EcoHealth markers and health promotion intervention in Addis Ababa Ethiopia en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.department Health Studies en
dc.description.degree D. Litt. et Phil. (Health Studies)


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