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Parent-adolescent relationship and adolescents' adjustment problems: adolescents' voices.

Show simple item record Asamenew Demessie Bireda 2014-03-31T09:56:39Z 2014-03-31T09:56:39Z 2014-03-31
dc.identifier.citation Bireda, Asamenew Demessie (2014) Parent-adolescent relationship and adolescents' adjustment problems: adolescents' voices., University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study is to examine parent-adolescent relationships as perceived by adolescents and its relationship with adolescents’ adjustment. In order to measure parent-adolescent relationships psychological control, involvement, parental warmth and communication have been used as variables. Furthermore, self-esteem, school adjustment, substance use and depression are used as measures of adolescents’ adjustment outcomes. The study’s cross sectional survey design utilized a stratified random sample with structured questionnaires for the collection of quantitative data involving multiple variables that are examined to detect patterns of association and prediction. The participants comprise 809 adolescents (Males = 427 and Females = 382) from four private and government high schools and the average age of participants is 16.8. The participants were randomly selected from Grade Level 9, 10, 11 and 12. Independent t-test, correlation, and regression analyses are used to analyse the data in this research. The results of the independent sample t-test on the perception of adolescents’ relationship with their parents showed that male adolescents perceive their mothers and fathers as more psychologically controlling than female adolescents. On the other hand, female adolescents perceive their mothers and fathers as warmer; more involved in their schooling; and engage in a more positive communication than do the male adolescents. In addition, the independent sample t-test also shows that male adolescents exhibit more adjustment problems than do female adolescents. Specifically, male adolescents seem to show more substance use behaviour, have lower self-esteem, more school adjustment problems and a higher depression level as compared to female adolescents. The correlation analysis reveals that there is a significant relationship among the four-parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent adjustment variables. The regression analysis also demonstrates that the four-parent-adolescent relation predictor variables account for adolescent adjustment though their contribution to the prediction was varied by the gender of the adolescents’ parents. This research; however, does not consider father-adolescent communication as a significant predictor to adolescent school adjustment and mother-adolescent communication as a significant predictor to adolescent depression. Theoretically, the present findings provide evidence that positive parent-adolescent relationships can be considered as a relevant protective factor for adolescents. For policy consideration, it is suggested that efforts be made to establish quality after school youth programs to engage adolescents in several mentoring activities, and family based coping programs should be established based on the centrality of the family for better family functioning. en
dc.description.sponsorship Von Krosigk, Beate. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Parent-adolescent en
dc.subject Psychological control en
dc.subject Warmth en
dc.subject Communication en
dc.subject Adjustment en
dc.subject Substance abuse en
dc.subject Self-esteem en
dc.subject School ajustment en
dc.subject Depression en
dc.subject Involvment en
dc.subject.ddc 306.874
dc.subject.lcsh Adolescence
dc.subject.lcsh Parent and teenager
dc.subject.lcsh Teenagers -- Family relationships
dc.subject.lcsh Adolescent psychology
dc.title Parent-adolescent relationship and adolescents' adjustment problems: adolescents' voices. en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department Psychology en

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