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A socio-rhetorical appraisal of Jesus as sacrifice, with specific reference to hilasterion in Romans 3:25-26

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dc.contributor.advisor Vorster, J. N. (Johannes Nicolaas) Ombori, Benard N. 2013-11-27T05:45:59Z 2013-11-27T05:45:59Z 2013-09
dc.identifier.citation Ombori, Benard N. (2013) A socio-rhetorical appraisal of Jesus as sacrifice, with specific reference to hilasterion in Romans 3:25-26, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <> en
dc.description.abstract This dissertation answers the following: "Why did Paul describe Jesus as hilasterion?" Throughout it, I have examined the questions of the "what" versus the "why": "What is the meaning of hilasterion (hilasterion)" versus "why has the death of Christ been metaphorised as hilasterion." Notwithstanding the uniformity among theologians that the meaning (the "what") of the text should occupy centre space, the enquiries of both Bible translators and Pauline scholars have yielded different meanings as far as iA.cronpwv is concerned. The question "why" shifts the project's focus from the meaning of the text to the performativity, which entails asking different questions. As a result, I have problematised "propitiation," "expiation" and "mercy-seat" as interpretational models for hilasterion, because these theological models neglect the rhetorical situation which leads to a misunderstanding of hilasterion. Consequently, applying the three-pronged rhetorical approaches to my text has enabled me to move the discussion away from a purely textual, away from the harmonization of "ideas," away from a traditional theological paradigm thinking only in terms of soteriology and the salvific to a paradigm where the rhetorical, to where the social-cultural and the religiopolitical contexts has been taken into consideration. Dispositio has acted as the foreground for impartiality that facilitated the accommodation of the non-Jews in the Abrahamic family which is hilasterion's performativity. I have argued that apostrophe in service of stasis theory had numerous Jewish fundamentals redefined, without which the notion of hilasterion would not have made sense. I have demonstrated how patron versus client relationship emerged in the depiction of hilasterion as a gift from God, evidence of his righteousness, and how riposte operated in dislodging the non-Jews from their social position and relocating them within the nation of God. The metaphorisation of Jesus' death and his portrayal as hilasterion had a number of tasks. It normalised a situation, it brought about an alternative situation into existence, it endorsed social solidarity, it brought about a different genealogy into effect, it sanctioned the construction of a "new and superior race," and ulitmatley it produced inclusivity of the non-Jews into the Jewish family since Jesus tremendously had high values then extreme value was assigned to the non-Jews. Thus, I have problematised decontextualised theologising, easy theologising (as "propitiation," "expiation," and " mercy-seat"), in order to demonstrate that a socio-rhetorical appraisal of hilasterion requires theologians to rethink the categories they operate with. en
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (viii, 178 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Socio-rhetorical criticism en
dc.subject Expiation en
dc.subject Propitiation en
dc.subject Mercy-seat en
dc.subject Romans 3:25-26 en
dc.subject Performativity of hilasterion and sacrifice en
dc.subject Hilasterion en
dc.subject.ddc 227.1067
dc.subject.lcsh Bible. Romans III, 25-26 -- Socio-rhetorical criticism
dc.subject.lcsh Jesus Christ -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600
dc.subject.lcsh Sacrifice -- Biblical teaching
dc.title A socio-rhetorical appraisal of Jesus as sacrifice, with specific reference to hilasterion in Romans 3:25-26 en
dc.type Dissertation en
dc.description.department New Testament en M. Th. (New Testament)

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