Theses and Dissertations (Mathematical Sciences)http://hdl.handle.net/10500/30172017-07-27T02:54:29Z2017-07-27T02:54:29ZVariants of P-frames and associated ringsNsayi, Jissy Nsondehttp://hdl.handle.net/10500/217952016-11-19T01:00:34Z2015-12-01T00:00:00ZVariants of P-frames and associated rings
Nsayi, Jissy Nsonde
We study variants of P-frames and associated rings, which can be viewed as natural
generalizations of the classical variants of P-spaces and associated rings. To be more
precise, we de ne quasi m-rings to be those rings in which every prime d-ideal is either
maximal or minimal. For a completely regular frame L, if the ring RL of real-valued
continuous functions of L is a quasi m-ring, we say L is a quasi cozero complemented
frame. These frames are less restricted than the cozero complemented frames. Using
these frames we study some properties of what are called quasi m-spaces, and observe
that the property of being a quasi m-space is inherited by cozero subspaces, dense z-
embedded subspaces, and regular-closed subspaces among normal quasi m-space.
M. Henriksen, J. Mart nez and R. G. Woods have de ned a Tychono space X to be a
quasi P-space in case every prime z-ideal of C(X) is either minimal or maximal. We call a
point I of L a quasi P-point if every prime z-ideal of RL contained in the maximal ideal
associated with I is either maximal or minimal. If all points of L are quasi P-points, we
say L is a quasi P-frame. This is a conservative de nition in the sense that X is a quasi
P-space if and only if the frame OX is a quasi P-frame. We characterize these frames
in terms of cozero elements, and, among cozero complemented frames, give a su cient
condition for a frame to be a quasi P-frame.
A Tychono space X is called a weak almost P-space if for every two zero-sets E and
F of X with IntE IntF, there is a nowhere dense zero-set H of X such that E F [H.
We present the pointfree version of weakly almost P-spaces. We de ne weakly regular
rings by a condition characterizing the rings C(X) for weak almost P-spaces X. We
show that a reduced f-ring is weakly regular if and only if every prime z-ideal in it which contains only zero-divisors is a d-ideal. We characterize the frames L for which the ring
RL of real-valued continuous functions on L is weakly regular.
We introduce the notions of boundary frames and boundary rings, and use them to
give another ring-theoretic characterization of boundary spaces. We show that X is a
boundary space if and only if C(X) is a boundary ring.
A Tychono space whose Stone- Cech compacti cation is a nite union of closed subspaces
each of which is an F-space is said to be nitely an F-space. Among normal spaces,
S. Larson gave a characterization of these spaces in terms of properties of function rings
C(X). By extending this notion to frames, we show that the normality restriction can
actually be dropped, even in spaces, and thus we sharpen Larson's result.
2015-12-01T00:00:00ZAlgebraic and multilinear-algebraic techniques for fast matrix multiplicationGouaya, Guy Mathiashttp://hdl.handle.net/10500/201802016-06-03T08:10:17Z2015-01-01T00:00:00ZAlgebraic and multilinear-algebraic techniques for fast matrix multiplication
Gouaya, Guy Mathias
This dissertation reviews the theory of fast matrix multiplication from a multilinear-algebraic point of view, as
well as recent fast matrix multiplication algorithms based on discrete Fourier transforms over nite groups.
To this end, the algebraic approach is described in terms of group algebras over groups satisfying the triple
product Property, and the construction of such groups via uniquely solvable puzzles.
The higher order singular value decomposition is an important decomposition of tensors that retains some of
the properties of the singular value decomposition of matrices. However, we have proven a novel negative result
which demonstrates that the higher order singular value decomposition yields a matrix multiplication algorithm
that is no better than the standard algorithm.
2015-01-01T00:00:00ZCohomologies on sympletic quotients of locally Euclidean Frolicher spacesTshilombo, Mukinayi Hermenegildehttp://hdl.handle.net/10500/199422016-02-18T11:09:13Z2015-08-01T00:00:00ZCohomologies on sympletic quotients of locally Euclidean Frolicher spaces
Tshilombo, Mukinayi Hermenegilde
This thesis deals with cohomologies on the symplectic quotient of a Frölicher space which is locally diffeomorphic to a Euclidean Frölicher subspace of Rn of constant dimension equal to n. The symplectic reduction under consideration in this thesis is an extension of the
Marsden-Weinstein quotient (also called, the reduced space) well-known from the finite-dimensional smooth manifold case. That is, starting with a proper and free action of a Frölicher-Lie-group on a locally Euclidean Frölicher space of finite constant dimension, we
study the smooth structure and the topology induced on a small subspace of the orbit space. It is on this topological space that we will construct selected cohomologies such as : sheaf cohomology, Alexander-Spanier cohomology, singular cohomology, ~Cech cohomology and de Rham cohomology. Some natural questions that will be investigated are for instance: the impact of the symplectic structure on these di erent cohomologies; the cohomology that will
give a good description of the topology on the objects of category of Frölicher spaces; the extension of the de Rham cohomology theorem in order to establish an isomorphism between the five cohomologies.
Beside the algebraic, topological and geometric study of these new objects, the thesis contains a modern formalism of Hamiltonian mechanics on the reduced space under symplectic and Poisson structures.
2015-08-01T00:00:00ZForecasting annual tax revenue of the South African taxes using time series Holt-Winters and ARIMA/SARIMA ModelsMakananisa, Mangalani P.http://hdl.handle.net/10500/199032016-02-26T12:44:36Z2015-10-01T00:00:00ZForecasting annual tax revenue of the South African taxes using time series Holt-Winters and ARIMA/SARIMA Models
Makananisa, Mangalani P.
This study uses aspects of time series methodology to model and forecast major taxes such as Personal Income Tax (PIT), Corporate Income Tax (CIT), Value Added Tax (VAT) and Total Tax Revenue(TTAXR) in the South African Revenue Service (SARS).
The monthly data used for modeling tax revenues of the major taxes was drawn from January 1995 to March 2010 (in sample data) for PIT, VAT and TTAXR. Due to higher volatility and emerging negative values, the CIT monthly data was converted to quarterly data from the rst quarter of 1995 to the rst quarter of 2010. The competing ARIMA/SARIMA and Holt-Winters models were derived, and the resulting model of this study was used to forecast PIT, CIT, VAT and TTAXR for SARS fiscal years 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13. The results show that both the SARIMA and Holt-Winters models perform well in modeling and forecasting PIT and VAT, however the Holt-Winters model outperformed the SARIMA model in modeling and forecasting the more volatile CIT and TTAXR. It is recommended that these methods are used in forecasting future payments, as they are precise about forecasting tax revenues, with minimal errors and fewer model revisions being necessary.
2015-10-01T00:00:00Z